It had been less than 24 hours since Spencer Turnbull of the Detroit Tigers completed baseball’s fifth no-hitter of the 2021 season when Corey Kluber of the New York Yankees threw the sixth.

The pitchers have remarkably different pedigrees — Turnbull led the majors in losses two seasons ago and Kluber has won two AL Cy Young Awards — but their achievements were celebrated with the same bells and whistles of a typical no-hitter: Wire services sent news alerts, MLB.com gave their box scores special badges and the players celebrated wildly with teammates — or at least as wildly as Kluber, nicknamed Klubot for his stoicism, is capable of.

Turnbull, though, was obviously elated.

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“It is by far the best night of my life, most exciting, and it’s definitely kind of like one of those landmark stamps on my career up to this point,” he said in a postgame video conference from Seattle.

Those two no-hitters, and the four before them this season, have raised questions about how baseball could already have so many no-hitters so early in the year, and why they seem to be occurring at such an extraordinary rate.

Who has thrown a no-hitter this season?

— Joe Musgrove, San Diego Padres (April 9 vs. Texas Rangers): In throwing the first no-hitter in his franchise’s long history, Musgrove allowed only one base runner, on a hit-by-pitch. He threw 112 pitches, but manager Jayce Tingler was determined to let him see it through. “He was in control,” Tingler said. “After the seventh inning, that’s when we kind of put all the chips in. For Joe, for the team, for the organization, for the city that hadn’t had a no-hitter before, at that point you throw everything out the window and you roll with it.”

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Joe Musgrove is mobbed by teammates after pitching a no-hitter against the Texas Rangers, April 9, 2021, in Arlington, Texas. It was the first no-hitter in team history for the Padres. (Richard W. Rodriguez / AP)
Joe Musgrove is mobbed by teammates after pitching a no-hitter against the Texas Rangers, April 9, 2021, in Arlington, Texas. It was the first no-hitter in team history for the Padres. (Richard W. Rodriguez / AP)

— Carlos Rodon, Chicago White Sox (April 14 vs. Cleveland Indians): Rodon was two outs from baseball’s 24th perfect game when he hit Roberto Perez with a pitch. “It just feels good to finally sit here and tell you I dominated today, and it felt good,” Rodon said.

— John Means, Baltimore Orioles (May 5 vs. Seattle Mariners): Like Musgrove, Means was breaking a long streak for his franchise: No Baltimore starter had thrown a no-hitter on their own since Jim Palmer did so in 1969. Means had never thrown a complete game and said he was nervous entering the ninth inning. “I got a little bit of the Jell-O legs, started to feel a little wobbly,” he said. “But once I threw that first pitch, I was able to lock in again.”

Baltimore Orioles starting pitcher John Means is hugged by catcher Pedro Severino after Means threw a no-hitter against the Seattle Mariners, May 5, 2021, in Seattle. (Ted S. Warren / AP)
Baltimore Orioles starting pitcher John Means is hugged by catcher Pedro Severino after Means threw a no-hitter against the Seattle Mariners, May 5, 2021, in Seattle. (Ted S. Warren / AP)

— Wade Miley, Cincinnati Reds (May 8 vs. Cleveland): Miley had to wait out an 83-minute rain delay before getting started, but he needed only 2 hours, 34 minutes to record baseball’s fourth no-hitter of the season. “He put on a clinic,” Cleveland manager Terry Francona said.

— Spencer Turnbull, Detroit Tigers (May 18 vs. Seattle): He said he did not feel right at all to start the game, but Turnbull, who led the majors in losses in 2019, made quick work of the Mariners, striking out nine and allowing only two base runners on walks. “It got to a point I think the last four innings, I don’t know if he shook one time,” catcher Eric Haase said. “We were just in really great sync, and whatever I was putting down he was throwing and he was executing.”

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Detroit Tigers starting pitcher Spencer Turnbull throws during the ninth inning of his no-hitter against the Seattle Mariners, May 18, 2021, in Seattle. (Ted S. Warren / AP)
Detroit Tigers starting pitcher Spencer Turnbull throws during the ninth inning of his no-hitter against the Seattle Mariners, May 18, 2021, in Seattle. (Ted S. Warren / AP)

— Corey Kluber, New York Yankees (May 19 vs. Texas): A four-pitch walk to Charlie Culberson in the third inning was all that stood between Kluber and perfection. But Kluber, in his first season in pinstripes after throwing only one inning for Texas last year because of injury, still managed the Yankees’ first no-hitter since David Cone’s perfect game in 1999. “There’s a lot of things that have to go your way,” Kluber said. “It’s definitely cool to do it in this uniform.”

Wait, didn’t Madison Bumgarner throw one?

Arizona Diamondbacks’ Asdrubal Cabrera embraces pitcher Madison Bumgarner after Bumgarner pitched a 7-inning no hitter against the Atlanta Braves, at the end of the second game of a double header, April 25, 2021, in Atlanta. Bumgarner struck out seven and had one batter reach base following an error. (Ben Margot / AP)
Arizona Diamondbacks’ Asdrubal Cabrera embraces pitcher Madison Bumgarner after Bumgarner pitched a 7-inning no hitter against the Atlanta Braves, at the end of the second game of a double header, April 25, 2021, in Atlanta. Bumgarner struck out seven and had one batter reach base following an error. (Ben Margot / AP)

Sort of! Bumgarner, the former ace (and three-time World Series winner) of the San Francisco Giants, shut out Atlanta on April 25 and allowed no hits in the process. But because of doubleheader rules developed last season, the game was limited to seven innings. A 1991 ruling intended to eliminate rain-shortened no-hitters and other oddities made throwing at least nine complete innings a requirement for a game to be recognized as a no-hitter. Bumgarner’s game will instead be classified as a “notable achievement.”

“I didn’t give up any hits today,” Bumgarner said. “I’m not in control of how many innings we’re playing.”

What is going on?

A number of factors are in play leading to the surge of no-hitters. Chief among them are an emphasis on power pitching and batters having shown a willingness to sell out contact in order to increase power. Those factors, plus surgical deployment of high-quality relievers, has resulted in strange numbers across the board.

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Teams were averaging 7.82 hits per game through May 19 — the second-lowest mark in baseball history behind 1908, according to Baseball Reference — and were striking out a record 8.98 times a game. As a result, batters were hitting a record-low .236, and scoring was down significantly for a second consecutive season.

Another factor that has to be considered is control. Shutouts are almost entirely a thing of the past — there have been 15 this season, and there have been fewer than 40 in each season since 2015 — but the six pitchers who have thrown a no-hitter this season have kept their pitch counts low by employing remarkable control. Turnbull walked two batters and Miley and Kluber each walked one. The other three pitchers who threw a no-hitter this season didn’t issue a single free pass.

Factor in colder weather in April and May, a new baseball, advanced defensive positioning and other changes in the game and it has seemingly become a recipe for no-hitters becoming a common occurrence.

But you can’t discount simple variance. While no-hitters come at a fairly predictable rate over long periods of time, they have frequently come in clumps and then gone long stretches without one.

This has to be a record pace, right?

Six no-hitters through May 19 edges 1917 for the fastest start in major-league history. That season baseball raced to its fifth no-hitter by May 6 — despite not starting the season until April 11 — but did not get a sixth no-hitter until June 23.

With teams not having reached even 50 games each this season, and the season scheduled to go a full 162, matching the modern record of seven no-hitters (shared by multiple seasons) seems within reach, as does the overall record of eight, which was set in 1884.

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But nothing is certain no matter how quickly no-hitters pile up. Baseball raced to five no-hitters in 1917, but finished with just six. That last no-hitter was certainly memorable: Babe Ruth of the Boston Red Sox walked the first batter of the game, got ejected for arguing balls and strikes (and struck the umpire behind the ear in an epic tantrum), only to have reliever Ernie Shore erase the base runner on a caught stealing before retiring all 26 batters he faced.

Do only the most dominant pitchers throw no-hitters?

Hardly. While Nolan Ryan was the most unhittable pitcher in major-league history, and threw a record seven no-hitters, other dominant pitchers failed to throw one despite similar credentials — most notably Roger Clemens, Greg Maddux, Pedro Martinez, Steve Carlton and Grover Cleveland Alexander.

Among the current stars who have yet to throw one: Gerrit Cole of the New York Yankees, Cleveland’s Shane Bieber, Zack Greinke of the Houston Astros and Jacob deGrom of the New York Mets.

Meanwhile, Mike Fiers, a fairly uninspiring veteran for the Oakland Athletics, has thrown two.

Where are the perfect games?

With all of these no-hitters it would seem logical that a perfect game would be mixed in, but baseball is in a strangely long stretch without one. Both Rodon and Means came tantalizingly close to perfection this season, but Felix Hernandez of the Seattle Mariners threw baseball’s last perfect game, on Aug. 15, 2012. That stretch of nearly nine years is the longest between perfect games since the gap of 13 years, 7 days between Catfish Hunter’s masterpiece on May 8, 1968, and Len Barker’s on May 15, 1981.

What is Kyle Seager’s secret?

Seattle, Cleveland and Texas have each been no-hit twice already this season, but things are starting to get weird for Kyle Seager, the Mariners’ third baseman. As Christopher Kamka noted on Twitter, Seager has now been involved in nine no-hitters in his 11-season career.

Of course, Seager’s odds of being involved in no-hitters are helped by the fact that his team was hitting a major league-worst .199 through May 18.