The shooting at a Pittsburgh synagogue left 11 people dead. It was likely the deadliest attack against the Jewish community in U.S. history and comes amid rising anti-Semitism in America, according to the Anti-Defamation League.

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Lining the edges of the standing-room-only sanctuary, watching from overflow rooms and singing outside, thousands of people gathered Monday night at Temple De Hirsch Sinai in Capitol Hill to mourn the victims of a shooting at a Pittsburgh synagogue over the weekend.

“We cannot choose our fate, but we can choose how we respond, what we do, who we are and who we strive to be,” Temple De Hirsch Sinai Rabbi Daniel Weiner told the crowd. “So, tonight we mourn. But in the days ahead we will arise from this dark place of loss and fear bearing the light of goodness, justice and truth that is our holy work as Jews.”

Authorities in Pittsburgh say Robert Gregory Bowers fired an AR-15 and other weapons during Saturday services at Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, killing 11 people and wounding six others. Bowers reportedly told police “all these Jews need to die.”

Inside Temple De Hirsch Sinai, local Jewish leaders sang, prayed for the dead and lit candles in their honor before the large gathering Monday. At one point, chants from the crowd outside could be heard in the lobby of the temple. “Let there be acceptance and love,” the crowd chanted.

Attack at Pittsburgh synagogue

Rivy Poupko Kletenik, head of the Seattle Hebrew Academy, said she once lived in Squirrel Hill, the Pittsburgh neighborhood where the shooting took place. “No place is perfect, but it was close,” she said.

Attendees at the local gathering said they were seeking solidarity in a time of fear.

“I’m Jewish and I’m appalled at what has happened,” Cynthia Linet, 80, said as she waited for the vigil to start. “I just wanted to be surrounded by loving people who like me are appalled.”

Linet explained that she hesitated about attending the well-publicized event, worried that, “When a lot of Jews come together, it’s scary because we become a target.” Linet said she hopes for tighter gun regulations. “God help us.”

Anti-Semitic violence presents the Jewish community with a choice, said Rabbi Samuel Klein, director of Jewish engagement at the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle. In 2006, a gunman shot six people, killing one, at the Jewish Federation.

“We can retreat, batten down the hatches, feel that sense of being besieged,” Klein said. “Or we can walk into the street proudly Jewish saying no to those who use the language of hate and vitriol to divide communities.”

Meg Marshall, 32, brought her 3-year-old son, Penn, to Monday’s vigil, passing through a security checkpoint to enter the temple. Looking down at Penn in the seat next to her, Marshall said, “I told him [police] won’t be there every time. … Or maybe they will. Who knows?”

During the vigil, Gov. Jay Inslee and Seattle Mayor Jenny Durkan urged resistance to hate and violence.

“We ask all of our leaders to speak against fear rather than to use it,” Inslee said. “This must be an obligation of leadership.”

Durkan urged the crowd not to let their resolve “falter or fade.”

“We must not lose how we feel at this moment,” Durkan said.

In the days following the shooting, Seattle synagogues have worked to comfort the local Jewish community. Rabbi Shmuly Levitin of Chabad of Downtown Seattle said he has seen an outpouring of support and outrage. “The response I’ve witnessed shows the moral clarity of Americans everywhere,” Levitin said in an interview.

Rabbi Will Berkovitz, chief executive officer of Jewish Family Service of Seattle, which helped organize the vigil, called the killings “an attack against the Jewish community because of our support for refugees and immigration, for people wanting to be a part of our country.”

Berkovitz’s organization works with HIAS, a Jewish refugee assistance agency and apparent target of the shooter. On Gab — a social media site popular among white supremacists — an account believed to belong to Bowers seethed about the refugee organization: “HIAS likes to bring invaders in that kill our people. I can’t sit by and watch my people get slaughtered. Screw your optics, I’m going in.”

The shooting was likely the deadliest attack against the Jewish community in U.S. history and comes amid rising anti-Semitism in America, according to the Anti-Defamation League (ADL).

Anti-Semitic incidents surged 57 percent in 2017 from a year earlier to almost 2,000 across the U.S., according to an ADL report. That’s the highest number since the New York-based nonprofit started keeping records in 1979. In Washington state, those attacks rose almost sevenfold last year to 20, the data shows.

The incidents included the desecration of cemeteries in Indiana, Missouri, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut and Massachusetts. In Washington state, incidents spanned the state, from Holocaust denial graffiti at Temple De Hirsch Sinai to online harassment targeting an event with a Holocaust survivor in Spokane and banners stating “Jews did 9/11” displayed in Vancouver and Woodinville.

In the wake of the Pittsburgh shooting, the Holocaust Center is boosting efforts with Seattle-area teachers to address anti-Semitism and hate in their classrooms.

Seattle Times staff reporter Matt Day contributed reporting. Information from The Associated Press was used in this report. This story has been updated to correct the name and affiliation of Rabbi Shmuly Levitin.