Bryan Brewer first published his book about solar eclipses 38 years ago to coincide with the last eclipse viewable in the Northwest. His No. 1 tip for those eager to see the Aug. 21 eclipse: Don’t settle for less than totality.
Got questions about the solar eclipse happening Aug. 21? Five seconds on Google will get you more than 10 million results — including interactive maps that zoom in on the zone of totality from coast to coast.
But the last time the Pacific Northwest experienced a total solar eclipse, information wasn’t as easy to come by.
“You went to the library,” recalled Bryan Brewer. “And you did a lot of things by phone and mail.” Among them: dialing up the U.S. Naval Observatory to request pamphlets showing the eclipse path.
Eclipse preparation and viewing advice
• Don’t settle for less than 100 percent. Get yourself into the zone of totality, preferably near the centerline, where duration is longest.
• Expect traffic jams. Up to 200 million people live within a day’s drive of the eclipse path — and Oregon expects 1 million people to converge there.
• Watch the weather forecast. If clouds threaten, be ready to drive to a clearer area.
• Don’t despair if you can’t avoid clouds. They sometimes clear as the eclipse unfolds.
• Don’t photograph the eclipse. Unless you’re an expert, the results won’t be great and fussing with equipment will detract from your enjoyment.
• During totality, it’s safe to look directly at the sun. You can also use binoculars — but only during totality. At all other times, use eclipse glasses or a pinhole projector.
• Take your eyes off the sky for at least a few seconds to scan the horizon for a 360-degree sunset.
• If you’re on a hill, you may be able to spot the moon’s shadow sweeping toward you at more than 1,500 mph. (In Western Oregon, the shadow will move at more than 2,000 mph.)
Sources: “Eclipse: History. Science. Awe,” by Bryan Brewer; Space.com; Astronomy.com
Brewer, then a 32-year-old technical writer at Boeing, became intrigued with the subject when he learned that southern Washington and northern Oregon would be in the prime viewing zone for the eclipse of Feb. 26, 1979. He thought it would be the perfect setting for a reunion with college friends.
But the research was frustrating. Most of the books Brewer found were highly technical. None combined history, science and eclipse lore in a concise, readable format.
“I couldn’t find a good book on the subject,” he said, “so I decided to write my own.”
Thirty-eight years later, the competition is stiffer.
The upcoming total eclipse of the sun will be the first of the internet age in the contiguous United States, and its approach is being heralded by a deluge of data, websites, publications and guides. Search for “eclipse books” on Amazon, and hundreds of titles pop up.
That includes a new edition of Brewer’s self-published book, “Eclipse: History. Science. Awe.” The introduction, written by the late sci-fi luminary Frank Herbert, author of “Dune” and then-Port Townsend resident, remains unchanged. But Brewer, now 70 and working as a startup consultant, spruced up the package with color images and revised the text to focus on this year’s epidemic of eclipse fever.
“There was a lot of enthusiasm in 1979, but it wasn’t nearly as widespread as today,” he said. “The level of interest is just increasing exponentially as you get closer to the day.”
Still, some people don’t seem to appreciate the vast difference between a partial and total eclipse — or how moving the experience can be, Brewer added. One of his neighbors recently mentioned that her family planned to take in the event from Seattle, where the moon will block about 95 percent of the sun’s surface.
While 95 percent sounds close to 100 percent, the effect is not comparable. Even at 99 percent, a sliver of the sun remains uncovered — which means none of the striking features of a total eclipse are visible.
• A total solar eclipse occurs somewhere on Earth about every 18 months.
• The last coast-to-coast eclipse in the U.S. was 99 years ago.
• If the moon’s diameter were 6.5 percent smaller, a total solar eclipse could never happen.
• The last total solar eclipse visible in the Pacific Northwest occurred Feb. 26, 1979.
• After this year, the next ones close to the Northwest will be Aug. 23, 2044, in eastern British Columbia and Aug. 12, 2045, in northern California and Nevada.
• Duration of totality varies because the distances between the Earth, sun and moon vary. The longest eclipse lasts more than 7 minutes. This year’s will last between 2 and 2.7 minutes.
Source: “Eclipse: History. Science. Awe,” by Bryan Brewer; NASA; space.com
“It’s only when you get to 100 percent that the experience is just off the charts,” Brewer said. “If you’re interested in this, make sure you get in the path of totality.”
His memories of that February morning in 1979 remain vivid. He and a dozen friends bundled up in down parkas and drove to the top of a bluff near Goldendale, Klickitat County, just north of the Columbia River and about 100 miles east of Portland. Clouds that threatened to block their view parted at the last minute.
“The anticipation was palpable,” Brewer said. For about an hour, the moon crept slowly over the face of the sun. Clouds blocked the view, “Then: Boom!”
The bluff was plunged into twilight. Birds fell silent. Stars shone. And the solar corona — the star’s normally invisible outer fringe — burst into view.
In the introduction to his book “American Eclipse,” science writer David Baron describes his initiation into the ranks of umbraphiles — eclipse-chasers — this way:
“For three glorious minutes, I felt transported to another planet, indeed to a higher plane of reality, as my consciousness departed the earth and I gaped at an alien sky.
“Above me, in the dim vault of the heavens, shone an incomprehensible object. It looked like an enormous wreath woven from silvery thread and it hung suspended in the immensity of space, shimmering. As I stood transfixed by this vision, I felt something I had never experienced before — a visceral connection to the universe …”
Brewer felt that connection, too, and it’s what led him to travel the globe to experience it again.
He led a tour to an eclipse in Brazil in 1994 and was on a cruise ship in the Caribbean that outran clouds to get a clear view of an eclipse in 1998. The feeling of awe intrigued him so much that he added a section to the book about new research that shows benefits ranging from a calm-yet-energized state to feelings of openness.
“A total solar eclipse delivers a big dose of awe in a big way,” he said.
Ancient peoples also experienced awe, but often mixed with terror. Across much of Asia, peasants and soldiers used to bang drums and shoot arrows into the sky to chase away the dragon that was eating the sun, according to Brewer’s book. In 585 B.C., the shocking specter of a total solar eclipse inspired two warring armies to lay down their swords and make peace.
British troops granted safe passage for an American eclipse expedition to the Gulf of Maine during the Revolutionary War — but Baron reports that the organizers got the location wrong and missed the event. “American Eclipse” also recounts the race to document an 1878 eclipse on the western frontier at a time when the young country was eager to establish its scientific bona fides.
Eclipses don’t occur like clockwork, but they do follow patterns that were discovered thousands of years ago by the Babylonians and other ancient civilizations. Mapping out the exact path of totality was a tougher problem that took scientists centuries to refine.
In 1925, scientists tested their predictions by enlisting residents of New York City to line up along the Hudson River and note exactly where the moon’s shadow passed over the metropolis.
Part of the mystique of total solar eclipses is their geographical rarity, Brewer said. The sun is completely eclipsed somewhere on Earth about every 18 months — but only along a narrow swath. In 1979, that swath grazed the northwestern corner of the United States, then looped into Canada.
Aug. 21 will mark the first coast-to-coast eclipse in the U.S. in 99 years — and the path of totality will be about 70 miles wide. For Northwesterners, another total solar eclipse won’t come close until 2044, when the path will extend through the eastern half of British Columbia.
“Unless you want to go chase eclipses,” Brewer said, “for most people, it’s a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity.”