The Justice Department’s conclusion represents a major leap in the case. But its significance depends on whether U.S. District Judge James Robart agrees or adopts the position of his court-appointed monitor that the department has yet to reach full compliance.

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The Department of Justice, which nearly six years ago stunned the Seattle Police Department with its finding that officers too often used excessive force, urged a federal judge Friday to grant the city of Seattle’s request to be found in “full and effective compliance” with court-ordered reforms.

The Justice Department’s recommendation represents a major leap in the case. But its significance hinges on whether U.S. District Judge James Robart finds the city in compliance or adopts the position of his court-appointed monitor, Merrick Bobb, that the Police Department has yet to meet all of its requirements.

The Justice Department revealed its position in court papers filed with Robart, who has presided over the case since the Justice Department and the city entered into a consent decree in 2012 that required the Police Department to adopt sweeping reforms.

“We have not come to this conclusion lightly,” Annette L. Hayes, the U.S. Attorney for the Western District of Washington, said in a statement. “Career civil rights attorneys and police-practices experts have spent more than five years investigating SPD, overseeing the creation of new policies and training, and independently reviewing the relevant data and the results of assessments conducted by the Court-appointed Monitor that examined the implementation of the Consent Decree’s requirements.”

The Community Police Commission (CPC), a citizen advisory body created as part of the consent decree, also concurred in court papers filed Friday that the city has reached full compliance with the decree’s benchmarks.

It is not known when Robart will issue a ruling. If Robart finds the city in compliance, it would trigger a two-year period in which the city would have to show the reforms have been locked in place.

The Justice Department sought the consent decree under President Barack Obama’s nationwide police-reform effort, but Attorney General Jeff Sessions, under President Donald Trump, has questioned such agreements.

In a December 2011 report, the Justice Department found the Police Department had engaged in a “pattern or practice” of using excessive force and displayed troubling practices of biased policing after a series of high-profile incidents, including the fatal shooting of First Nations woodcarver John T. Williams in 2010. The report prompted then-Seattle Police Chief John Diaz to declare his department “is not broken.”

The CPC, in its Friday filing, sought to allay any concern the Justice Department had shifted course under Trump.

“It is important to call out our belief that the United States’ position in this case at this juncture is fully consistent with the mandate and approach brought to bear from the outset” by the Justice Department’s civil-rights division and the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Seattle, the CPC said in the filing.

The city asked Robart on Sept. 29 to find the Police Department in full compliance, disputing Bobb’s conclusion, outlined in a Sept. 8 status report, that the Police Department had yet to comply with some elements of the consent decree, despite making a “great deal of progress.”

The city cited its successful completion of 10 key assessments conducted by Bobb’s monitoring team. Among other things, Bobb found the department had made dramatic improvements involving use of force, as well as dealing with people in crisis.

But Bobb noted in his report that the assessments, while important, “nevertheless do not constitute all the requirements of the Consent Decree.”

He pointed to questions stemming from the fatal shooting by two white officers of Charleena Lyles, a 30-year-old African-American mother of four, on June 18, as well as problems in the chain of command’s ability to identify possible misuse of force and to incorporate “lessons learned” from internal reviews by the department’s Force Review Board into training.

In addition, Bobb said his team and the court were awaiting the department’s analysis of why blacks and Latinos are “stopped disproportionately and frisked disproportionately.”

The city asserts Bobb is seeking more than is required, and that reform would continue during the two-year review period. It agrees the shooting of Lyles has raised questions about the department’s crisis-intervention practices, calling them “valid and important questions” that can’t be fully answered until a thorough investigation is completed.

Justice Department attorneys, in their filing, argue the remaining elements in the monitor’s report don’t undermine his overall findings in the 10 assessments.

“Although the Monitor previously found the City in ‘initial compliance’ — albeit with some areas of improvement — he now claims these same areas of improvement are barriers to compliance,” the filing says. “This does not withstand scrutiny.”

The Police Department’s handling of the Lyles shooting can be considered during the two-year review period, the filing says.

The city, as part of its arguments, contends it also has exceeded the consent decree’s requirements by overhauling police-accountability procedures; giving citizens the right to sue for violations of the department’s bias-free policing policy; bolstering oversight of off-duty employment; and creating a civilian inspector-general post with broad powers.

The CPC, in its filing, said compliance with the consent decree doesn’t mean “mission accomplished,” and the reform effort and measures that go beyond the court-ordered requirements must continue.

The Justice Department concluded the city has successfully put in place policies that require constitutional policing and trained its officers to carry them out.

“The net result is that SPD’s use of force, stops, and related data show that it has complied with all of the terms of the Decree, and has eliminated the pattern or practice of unconstitutional policing that led to DOJ’s investigation and findings,” its filing declares.

Hayes, the U.S. Attorney, said experts examined the Police Department’s commitment to de-escalation, crisis intervention, internal supervision and independent civilian-led accountability systems.

“This conclusion does not mean the police department is perfect, nor does it end the hard work required under the Decree,” her statement said. “There is more to do and issues that need to be addressed. Rather, this milestone represents the end of one chapter and the beginning of another.”