Democrats in the U.S. Senate, led, in part, by Sen. Patty Murray of Washington, have drawn up a road map for how to implement broad COVID-19 testing across the nation.

Without widespread testing, it’s impossible to fully comprehend how widely the virus has spread. But tests have been hard to come by for many Americans as the materials needed for it have been in short supply, and in some areas, only people meeting certain criteria can get tested. Testing has been riddled with problems from the start, when the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention botched a nationwide rollout of test kits to public-health labs.

The lack of a federal strategy to extensively test and support public-health infrastructure will make it impossible to safely ease social distancing and stay-home orders, Murray said.

“We need testing to be fast, free and everywhere,” Murray said during a telephone news briefing with other Democratic senators on Wednesday, 12 weeks after a Snohomish County man was the first person in the United States to test positive for COVID-19.

Widespread testing would save lives and allow Americans to get back to work,  Sen. Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., said.

FILE – This undated file photo provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows CDC’s laboratory test kit for the new coronavirus. (CDC via AP, File) NYAG201 NYAG201
The lost month: How a failure to test blinded the U.S. to COVID-19

The senators are pushing for the next round of congressional spending for the pandemic response to include $30 billion in emergency funding to quickly make testing available nationwide. The road map they propose to make that happen includes:


  • A plan for a “whole of society” response, with the states and the federal government working together and the Trump administration providing centralized leadership.
  • Emergency funding to quickly scale up testing, develop different types of tests and support public health infrastructure, including hiring people to conduct contact tracing and respond to local outbreaks.
  • A pipeline to develop and allocate reliable tests with an adequate supply. This could require invoking the Defense Production Act to compel companies to manufacture products needed for testing and personal protective equipment for health care workers.
  • Put structures in place to do testing in every community across the county.
  • Ensure the testing system, and how decisions are made to allocate supplies, is transparent and accountable.

“Until a vaccine or an effective therapeutic is developed and widely available, the best way we can assess the potential readiness of the country to restart major economic activity is through comprehensive, widespread, sophisticated testing,” Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., said on the Wednesday conference call.

The proposal won’t be considered by the Senate until Congress reconvenes May 4. It would need bipartisan support, Schumer acknowledged.

The Democratic senators’ push for a federally directed testing strategy comes as more Americans are diagnosed with COVID-19 every day, yet fewer tests are being processed. The number of tests analyzed daily by commercial labs in the United States dropped by more than 30% during the past two weeks, Politico reported Monday.

“We absolutely cannot afford any backsliding,” Murray said during Wednesday’s telephone briefing.

The Trump administration has, at various times  during the past month, said states, not the federal government, should be responsible for expanding testing and acquiring personal protective equipment for health care workers.

In Washington state, testing remains spotty, plagued, at times, by limited availability of testing materials, laggard test results and persistent data problems. Nonetheless, Washington has performed more tests than almost any other state.

Limited early testing allowed the virus to spread undetected in Washington, and problems persisted as the state tried to play catch-up. However, testing availability has expanded statewide in recent weeks, and turnaround times for test results appear to be speeding up.

Washington still has a limited supply of test kits, including swabs and specimen-preserving chemicals. The continuing shortage of test kits remains the biggest obstacle to reopening the economy, Gov. Jay Inslee said Wednesday.

Information from Seattle Times archives is included in this report.

How is the pandemic affecting you?

What has changed about your daily life? What kinds of discussions are you having with family members and friends? Are you a health care worker who's on the front lines of the response? Are you a COVID-19 patient or do you know one? Whoever you are, we want to hear from you so our news coverage is as complete, accurate and useful as possible. If you're using a mobile device and can't see the form on this page, click here.

Do you have questions about the coronavirus that causes COVID-19?

Ask in the form below and we'll dig for answers. If you're using a mobile device and can't see the form on this page, ask your question here. If you have specific medical questions, please contact your doctor.