VENTURA, Calif. — Lowell Steward, a former member of the Tuskegee Airmen who flew more than 100 missions over Europe during World War II, has died in California. He was 95.
His son Lowell Jr. said Mr. Steward died Wednesday of natural causes at a hospital in Ventura.
After graduating with a business degree from Santa Barbara College in 1941, Mr. Steward joined the Army Air Corps and trained at Tuskegee Army Air Field in Alabama.
He was shipped to Italy in 1944 with the 100th Fighter Squadron of the famed all-black unit. From Capodichino Air Base in Naples, Mr. Steward completed dozens of missions in P-39 Airacobras and P-40 Warhawks. Later based in Ramitelli, Italy, he flew dozens of escort and strafing missions in P-51 Mustangs. He flew 143 missions in all.
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America’s first black military pilots faced an unprecedented level of scrutiny under racial segregation. As a result they held themselves to a higher standard, Mr. Steward often said.
“He would say: ‘We had to be better because we were looked at harder. The odds were stacked against us. Some people wanted us to fail,’ ” Lowell Jr. said.
Mr. Steward was ultimately awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
After being discharged in 1946, he moved to Los Angeles and tried to buy a house, only to be repeatedly denied bank loans because he was black.
“After several encounters like that he said: ‘I need to figure out how to finance my own home.’ That’s when he went to real-estate school,” his son said.
Mr. Steward became one of the first black real-estate agents in Los Angeles and went on to a 40-year career in the industry.
In 2007, Mr. Steward was present at the U.S. Capitol when President George W. Bush presented members of the Tuskegee Airmen with the Congressional Gold Medal.
His wife of 60 years, Helen, died in 2004. In addition to his son, Mr. Steward is survived by two daughters, 11 grandchildren and 11 great-grandchildren.