A federal judge on Thursday rejected President Donald Trump’s latest effort to block the Manhattan district attorney from obtaining his tax returns, dismissing Trump’s arguments that the prosecutor’s grand jury subpoena was “wildly overbroad” and issued in bad faith.
The ruling by Judge Victor Marrero of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York is the latest turn in a yearlong legal fight over the subpoena, which has already reached the Supreme Court once and could end up there again if, as expected, Trump appeals.
The district attorney, Cyrus R. Vance Jr., a Democrat, has been seeking eight years of Trump’s personal and business returns and other financial records as part of an investigation into the president’s business practices.
Marrero was appointed to the federal bench in 1999 by President Bill Clinton.
The Supreme Court, in a landmark decision in July, rejected Trump’s initial argument that a sitting president had immunity from criminal investigation. But the ruling opened the door for the president to return to the lower court in Manhattan and raise other objections to the subpoena.
It has been known that Vance was investigating whether any New York state laws were broken when hush-money payments were made in the run-up to the 2016 president election to two women who said that they had affairs with Trump.
But Vance’s office suggested recently in a court filing that its inquiry was broader, also focusing on potential bank and insurance fraud.
The prosecutors, defending their subpoena for Trump’s records, cited undisputed “public reports of possibly extensive and protracted criminal conduct at the Trump Organization.” Vance’s office made it clear in court recently that it viewed the tax returns as central evidence in its investigation.
The New York Times also has reported that Vance’s office issued a separate subpoena to the president’s longtime lender, Deutsche Bank, seeking records that Trump and his company provided to the bank when he sought loans. The bank complied with the request, The Times reported, although there was no indication the bank’s records included Trump’s tax returns.
Vance’s subpoena for Trump’s tax returns was sent in August 2019 to the president’s accounting firm, Mazars USA.
Trump quickly filed suit in U.S. District Court in Manhattan, where he made his initial argument about immunity.
Marrero, in a 75-page decision last October, rejected that position, calling the argument that Trump was immune from criminal investigation “repugnant to the nation’s governmental structure and constitutional values.”
In that ruling, Marrero also said that “barring a stronger showing from the president,” he did not believe the district attorney was acting in bad faith.
Eventually, the case reached the Supreme Court, which last month ruled against Trump by a vote of 7-2.
“No citizen, not even the president, is categorically above the common duty to produce evidence when called upon in a criminal proceeding,” Chief Justice John Roberts wrote for the majority.
Roberts said, however, that Trump still could raise objections to the scope and relevance of the subpoena, which resulted in the president’s new arguments before Marrero.
“The Mazars subpoena is so sweeping,” Trump’s lawyers last month told Marrero in court papers, “that it amounts to an unguided and unlawful fishing expedition into the president’s personal financial and business dealings.”
Even if Vance were to obtain the tax records, they would be covered by grand jury secrecy rules and would most likely not become public. They might surface in public only if charges were later filed and they were introduced as evidence in a trial.