The ascendance of Hyundai and Kia marks a historic shift in the automotive world, said J.D. Power, which conducts an annual survey asking new car buyers about their vehicles after 90 days of ownership

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South Korean auto brands now lead the industry when measured by the initial quality of their cars sold in the U.S., according to J.D. Power, the automotive research firm.

The ascendance of Hyundai and Kia marks a historic shift in the automotive world, said J.D. Power, which conducts an annual survey asking new car buyers about their vehicles after 90 days of ownership

As a group, Japan’s automakers were also surpassed by European brands, while domestic nameplates matched the Japanese for only the second time in the 29 years J.D. Power has published its U.S. initial quality study. But both the Japanese and U.S. automakers were below the industry average.

“This is a clear shift in the quality landscape,” said Renee Stephens, vice president of U.S. automotive quality at J.D. Power. “For so long, Japanese brands have been viewed by many as the gold standard in vehicle quality.”

South Korean brands averaged 90 reported problems per 100 vehicles. The Europeans logged 113 and the Japanese and American brands tied at 114. The industry average was 112.

Among individual brands, Porsche ranked the highest for a third consecutive year, posting a score of 80 problems per 100 vehicles, It was followed by Kia with 86, Jaguar with 93, Hyundai with 95 and Infiniti with 97. Rounding out the top 10 were BMW with 99; Chevrolet, 101; Lincoln, 103; and Lexus and Toyota, both 104.

Fiat scored the worst with 161 problems per 100 vehicles. Rounding out the bottom five were Smart, 154; Chrysler, 143; Subaru, 142; and Jeep, 141.

Technology continues to be the biggest source of consumer complaints, with voice recognition and Bluetooth pairing topping the problem list.