Over time, the reputation of the Strand’s quiz has grown; it has become as much a part of the store’s identity as its canvas tote bags.

Share story

NEW YORK — As Jennifer Lobaugh arrived at the Strand Bookstore to apply for a job this spring, she remembered feeling jittery. It wasn’t only because she wanted a job at the fabled bookstore in Greenwich Village, her first in New York City, but also because at the end of the application, there was a quiz — a book quiz.

She rode the elevator to the third floor, sat down and scanned the quiz: a list of titles and a list of authors. She matched “The Second Sex” with Simone de Beauvoir right away. But then she had doubts. “I thought I would have no trouble,” said Lobaugh, 27, who has an MFA in creative writing and a background in French and Russian literature. “But I got nervous.”

The Strand is the undisputed king of the New York City’s independent bookstores, a giant in an ever-shrinking field. It moves 2.5 million books a year and has around 200 employees. While its competitors have closed by the dozens, it has survived on castaways — from publishers, reviewers, the public and even other booksellers.

For nearly a century, the downtown bookstore has symbolized not only inexpensive books, but something just as valuable: full-time work for those whose arcane knowledge outweighs their practical skills. “Ask Us,” says a big red sign on the walls of the Strand. The starting wage is $10.50 an hour, with health benefits in 60 days and union representation. There are unwritten perks, including discounts, a casual dress code and brushes with celebrity.

A job at the Strand has also offered generations of newcomers, like Lobaugh, originally of Ponca City, Okla., something like instant New Yorker status. Employees are known for being “curmudgeonly” but also clever, even cool: Former employees include rock legend Patti Smith and the writer-critic Luc Sante.

For about four decades, however, applicants have confronted a final hurdle to enter its ranks: the literary matching quiz. Over time, the reputation of the Strand’s quiz has grown; it has become as much a part of the store’s identity as its canvas tote bags. The legend has become larger, in fact, than the quiz itself, which is only 10 lines long, covering a few inches of the photocopied application.

“How long did it take? I probably agonized about it for five minutes,” said Lobaugh, unpacking books on the main floor of the Strand on a recent Tuesday. “But it probably took 90 seconds.”

Still, the stakes feel high. About 60 people apply for a job every week; typically only a couple are hired.

The booksellers scuttling across the 10,000-square-foot main floor are not the only ones required to face the quiz.

Members of the Books by the Foot team, which assembles collections for television and film sets, have to take it, too, as do new workers at Strand satellite shops. Even warehouse workers must take the quiz.

Fred Bass, who with his daughter, Nancy Bass Wyden, owns the Strand, called the quiz “a very good way to find good employees,” regardless of their duties. “Without good people,” Bass said, “you don’t have anything going.”

A history of quizzes

The Strand was founded in 1927 when Fred’s father, Benjamin Bass, a son of Lithuanian immigrants, became enamored of books during his lunch breaks from a fabric store job on Fourth Avenue, then known as Book Row, and decided to open his own bookstore.

The Strand moved to its current location, at Broadway and 12th Street, in 1957. A paper application appeared around 1965; the quiz was added in the 1970s. “I thought it was a quick way to find if somebody had any knowledge of books,” said Bass, who, at 88, still works at the store part time.

He had chosen masterworks, stretching back to Homer. “Modern, with classics,” he said recently, from behind the buying counter. “I would throw in a science thing, like Darwin. And then I did a sneaky thing. I made one not match. ‘Gone With the Wind,’ and no Mitchell,” he said. “It told me who was smart.”

Bass has forgotten precisely when he invented the quiz, but the second-longest-tenured employee, Ben McFall, 68, recalls taking it in 1978. McFall later helped write the quiz.

In recent years, much has changed at the Strand. The motto went from “8 miles of books” to “18 miles of books” after an expansion in 2005. The store added miles of merchandise, too, from a Strand-branded hat line to Moleskine notebooks. Perhaps most significantly, for broiling employees, the place finally got central air-conditioning, also in 2005.

For about three decades, Bass presided over the quiz, tweaking it now and then. In 2005, a manager named Carson Moss took over hiring duties from Bass and his daughter. “I tried to modernize it and diversify it,” said Moss, who had studied English literature at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

He kept the format — 10 book titles, 10 authors, one trick question — but “The Stones of Venice” was removed, replaced by the likes of “White Teeth.” “Being and Nothingness” vanished; “The Tipping Point” appeared. “You have to have titles that are well-read,” Moss said.

He updated the quiz about every three years. It became less male-dominated, less white, yet people would still write in the margins. “They would critique the quiz and say there are not enough women or writers of color,” Moss said. (The Strand has made an effort to diversify its hires in recent years, after the same criticism was made of its staff.)

Recently, another manager, Constance Fox, took over hiring, and the quiz. Fox, who majored in English literature at San Francisco State University, has worked at the Strand for five years.

Fox said it was “an interesting challenge” to represent the scope of authors, let alone all human knowledge, noting that the quiz focused on literature and “doesn’t cover all of the second floor” of the Strand — art, architecture, erotica and children’s books (which, it should be noted, are on opposite ends of the floor).

Quiz becomes fixture

If the Strand’s literary quiz has been bound into its culture, so has finding ways to cheat on it.

Bass, the owner, told of a young man decades ago who had filled out the application. “And then he was running around the whole store,” Bass said. “He didn’t know any of those books. But he was bright enough to run around and ask the clerks and find the answers.”

He was hired.

These days, would-be Strand employees can use their smartphones, searching for the authors of books in the quiz.

How many accurate matches an applicant must make has always been a closely guarded secret. What is the minimum score to be hired?

Moss, the quiz innovator, would not say. He would only say that management takes the quiz “not very” seriously.

Fox, the new quiz czar, said, “It’s the last thing I look at, to be frank.”

But that doesn’t mean the quiz is unimportant. Sometimes, Fox said, it can make all the difference.

“What I find most interesting is when people don’t answer, but then write: ‘I’m an artist. I know all about Picasso,’ or ‘Here’s what I know about children’s books.’ ”

She added, “It’s an interesting personality test.”