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BILLINGS, Mont. (AP) — Montana’s governor will allow wild bison to roam in portions of Montana north and west of Yellowstone National Park, breaking a longstanding impasse in a wildlife conflict that’s dragged on for decades.

Tuesday’s decision by Gov. Steve Bullock likely won’t end the periodic slaughters of bison migrating outside Yellowstone in search of food at lower elevations.

But it for the first time allows hundreds of the animals in areas outside the park year-round.

That’s a move long-sought by wildlife advocates and steadfastly opposed by livestock interests. Ranchers around Yellowstone are wary of a disease carried by many bison and the competition the animals will pose for grazing space.

Bullock, a Democrat, says he will continue to pressure the National Park Service to reduce Yellowstone’s population of roughly 5,000 bison.