W. R. Grace and Co. and seven high-ranking employees knew a Montana mine was releasing cancer-causing asbestos into the air and tried to...

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MISSOULA, Mont. — W.R. Grace and Co. and seven high-ranking employees knew a Montana mine was releasing cancer-causing asbestos into the air and tried to hide the danger to workers and townspeople, according to a federal indictment unsealed yesterday. More than 1,200 people became ill, and some of them died, prosecutors said.

The asbestos was naturally present in a vermiculite mine operated by Grace in the small town of Libby for nearly 30 years.

The federal grand jury said that top Grace executives and managers kept secret numerous studies spelling out the risk the asbestos posed to its customers, employees and Libby residents.

The indictment also accused Grace and Alan Stringer, former manager of the now-closed mine, of trying to obstruct efforts by the Environmental Protection Agency to investigate the extent of the asbestos contamination beginning in 1999, when a study by the Seattle Post-Intelligencer linked asbestos from the mine to nearly 200 deaths and hundreds of illnesses. The newspaper’s study was based on interviews with doctors in several states.

The EPA, which hasn’t disputed the findings of the study, has declared the area a Superfund site and has spent more than $55 million on cleanup.

“A human and environmental tragedy has occurred in Libby. This prosecution seeks to hold Grace and some of its executives responsible for the misconduct alleged in this indictment,” said Bill Mercer, the U.S. attorney for Montana.

Grace, based in Columbia, Md., said in a statement that it “categorically denies any criminal wrongdoing.”

“We are surprised by the government’s methods and disappointed by its determination to bring these allegations,” the company said.

The company could face a fine of up to $280 million, twice the amount of after-tax profits that the government alleges W.R. Grace made from the Libby mine, according to the Justice Department. Grace filed for bankruptcy protection in April 2001 after it was overwhelmed by asbestos-related lawsuits.

Les Skramstad, 68, a former miner who was diagnosed with the chronic lung disease asbestosis nine years ago, said he was pleased that charges had finally been filed.

“This wasn’t something that happened to us. This was something that was done to us,” he said.

Skramstad said he worked in the mine for 2-1/2 years and believes he brought asbestos fibers home with him. His wife and two children also suffer from asbestosis.

“They should have to pay,” Skramstad said of the defendants. “They will never have to pay like we did, because it won’t cost them their lives.”

Grace bought the mining operation, which once supplied more than 80 percent of the world’s vermiculite, in 1963 and shut it down in 1990. According to the indictment, the company knew of lung problems among its employees as early as 1976.

Grace executives also had access to reports or studies warning of the dangers of asbestos-vermiculite exposure throughout the late 1970s and early ’80s, the indictment alleged.

Despite having the information, Grace officials told the EPA in 1983 that they knew of nothing to indicate their products posed a substantial threat to human health, the indictment said.