A spokesman for Wilbur Ross said he did not change his version of events but was quoted out of context in coverage about his testimony in March.

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WASHINGTON — Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross has shifted his explanation for adding a citizenship question to the 2020 census, saying he now recalls discussing it with Stephen Bannon, President Donald Trump’s former chief strategist, according to court documents filed this week.

Ross, who faces a court order to provide a deposition to the plaintiffs in a lawsuit seeking to strip the question from the questionnaire, told a congressional committee that he had only talked about the question with Justice Department officials to determine its legality.

Ross now says Bannon suggested he contact Kris Kobach, the Kansas secretary of state whom Trump appointed to a commission to investigate his unsubstantiated claims that millions of unauthorized immigrants cast ballots for Hillary Clinton in 2016. The panel was later disbanded, and Kobach is now the Republican candidate for governor of Kansas.

Bannon, whose first name is misspelled as “Steven” in government documents, “called Secretary Ross in the Spring of 2017 to ask Secretary Ross if he would be willing to speak” to Kobach, according to a document filed Thursday by Justice Department lawyers representing Ross.

It is not clear if Ross followed up on the suggestion. Calls to a spokesman for Ross and to Bannon were not returned.

A spokesman for Ross said he did not change his version of events but was quoted out of context in coverage about his testimony in March. “Secretary Ross was responding to a question about an RNC campaign email, not a direct question about the citizenship question,” said the spokesman, Kevin Manning.

But the transcript of the exchange indicates unambiguously that Ross was asked specifically about the “citizenship question.”

The new details were added “for the sake of completeness,” the secretary’s lawyers wrote.

“Secretary Ross’ story keeps changing, which is exactly why he needs to sit for a deposition. The public deserves answers on the record about who made this decision, when, and why,” said Dale Ho, director of the ACLU’s Voting Rights Project, which is a plaintiff in the case.

Immigrant- and voting-rights groups claim that the addition of the question is intended to discourage immigrants, especially Hispanics, from registering with the census. The decennial count, overseen by the Commerce Department, is used to determine electoral boundaries and a variety of government programs and benefits.

The lawsuit challenging the addition of the question was filed by New York and other states, as well as localities and advocacy groups. They argue that asking about citizenship would “fatally undermine” the accuracy of the census because both legal and unauthorized immigrants might refuse to participate in it.

On March 20, Ross told the House Appropriations Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Subcommittee that the insertion of the question had been initiated “solely” by officials at the Department of Justice, with no involvement from officials in the White House.

“Has the president or anyone in the White House discussed with you or anyone on your team about adding the citizenship question?” Rep. Grace Meng, D-N.Y., asked.

“I am not aware of any such,” Ross testified.

Discrepancies in his account of the drafting of the question “have placed the credibility of Secretary Ross squarely at issue,” Judge Jesse Furman, of the U.S. District Court in Manhattan, wrote last month in ordering the deposition to go forward.

Furman found that Ross probably had unique firsthand knowledge of key facts. Indeed, he said, three of his aides had testified that only Ross could answer certain questions.

On Tuesday, the 2nd U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals agreed that Ross could be deposed in the case, rejecting the Justice Department’s argument that his reasons for adding the question were irrelevant.

The court acknowledged that depositions of high-ranking officials are rare. But it said there are exceptions. Later Tuesday, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg granted a temporary stay of the depositions of Ross and John Gore, a Justice Department official. The Supreme Court is expected to rule soon on whether the depositions should proceed.