Signaling that the highly partisan battle over judges will continue next year, the White House announced yesterday that President Bush will renominate 20 unconfirmed judicial candidates...

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WASHINGTON — Signaling that the highly partisan battle over judges will continue next year, the White House announced yesterday that President Bush will renominate 20 unconfirmed judicial candidates, including seven filibustered by Senate Democrats.

The unexpected holiday announcement disappointed Democrats and even dismayed moderate Sen. Arlen Specter, R-Pa., the new chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee.

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“I would have preferred to have had some time in the 109th Congress to try to cool the climate to avoid a judicial gridlock and future filibusters,” said Specter, who nearly lost the chairmanship after comments that a Supreme Court nominee must back abortion rights. “But the president has a right to send over names, and I respect that. We will move ahead on his nominees with hearings and appropriate consideration.”

11th Circuit Court Judge William Pryor.

The president’s action sets the stage for a likely showdown over the filling of an expected vacancy on the Supreme Court and fuels speculation over whether Republicans will take the drastic step of changing Senate rules to ban filibusters on judicial nominees.

Although Republicans have expanded their Senate majority to 55, they still lack the 60 votes needed to end a filibuster, which Democrats have used to block 10 judicial nominees they consider unsuitable or too extreme.

A change that would require a simple majority of 51 votes to stop a filibuster has been dubbed the “nuclear option.” If exercised, Democrats have vowed to block Bush’s legislative agenda by using procedural delays and obstacles.

Bush’s wish list

When the 109th Congress
convenes Jan. 4, President Bush intends to renominate the following 12 judges to U.S. Circuit Courts of Appeals:

Terrence Boyle, 4th Circuit; *Priscilla Owen, 5th Circuit;

*David McKeague, 6th Circuit; Susan Bieke Neilson, 6th Circuit; *Henry Saad, 6th Circuit; *Richard Griffin, 6th Circuit;

*William Pryor; 11th Circuit; *William Myers, 9th Circuit; *Janice Rogers Brown, D.C. Circuit; Brett Kavanaugh, D.C. Circuit; William Haynes, 4th Circuit; Thomas Griffith, D.C. Circuit.

* previously filibustered by Democrats

Bush also intends
to nominate again the following eight judges to less-controversial U.S. District Court positions:

James Dever, Eastern District, North Carolina; Thomas Ludington, Eastern District, Michigan; Robert Conrad, Western District, North Carolina; Daniel Ryan, Eastern District, Michigan; Peter Sheridan, New Jersey; Paul Crotty, Southern District, New York; Sean Cox, Eastern District, Michigan; Michael Seabright, Hawaii.

The Associated Press

The names of three of the filibustered nominees were not resubmitted — Washington attorney Miguel Estrada and Mississippi Appellate Court Judge Charles Pickering withdrew their names, and Bush did not retap Carolyn Kuhl of California.

White House spokesman Scott McClellan complained the Senate failed to vote on many Bush nominations of “highly qualified individuals” to the courts and asserted it has “a constitutional obligation to vote up or down” on them.

Democrats dismissed that assertion as untrue and accused Bush of abandoning his postelection pledge of bipartisanship.

“The Bush administration is ending the year as they began it, choosing confrontation over compromise, ideology over moderation and defiance over cooperation,” said Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., the Judiciary Committee’s ranking Democrat.

Bruce Fein, a consultant on filibusters to Republicans, said Bush is “daring” Senate Democrats to filibuster again. “This looks like a dress rehearsal for ensuring a filibuster is not a weapon against a Supreme Court nominee,” he said.

With the illness of Chief Justice William Rehnquist, many say Bush will have one or more vacancies to fill on the Supreme Court.

“It’s a gratuitous slap in the face,” said Nan Aron, executive director of the liberal Alliance for Justice that has opposed many Bush nominees who are against abortion rights, federal regulation and traditional civil rights.