GLOUCESTER, Mass. (AP) — Gloucester is seeing more heroin overdoses today than it did two years ago when it introduced a unique amnesty program replicated by hundreds of police departments across the nation that encourages addicts to turn in their drugs to police without fear of arrest in order to get fast-tracked for treatment.
About halfway through the year, the historic fishing city north of Boston has had 16 confirmed and suspected fatal opioid overdoses, said Police Chief John McCarthy. That’s on pace to exceed the nine confirmed cases the city saw last year and 10 in 2015, when the ANGEL program launched, according to state data.
At the same time, the number of addicts walking through the police station doors has declined. The department has helped 564 addicts get into treatment, but roughly two-thirds of those came within the first full year. McCarthy estimates the department is now averaging about one walk-in per week.
“We’re in a position to get people into treatment, but the sad part is the drug that they’re taking, in all probability, is going to put them into overdose,” he says on a visit earlier this month. “It’s a lot harder drug that’s on the street.”
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Gloucester, like many other communities, is seeing more addicts overdosing on more potent varieties of the drug than it did when its amnesty program rocketed to national notoriety. The rising toll is prompting city officials to try new approaches.
Police and the addiction counselors they work with have been stepping up efforts to reach addicts on the streets and in the homeless shelters and other places they congregate, rather than simply waiting for them to come through their doors.
McCarthy, who took over last October after the prior police chief and founder of the ANGEL program was forced into retirement after misleading investigators in an unrelated matter, says a recent spate of overdoses on fishing vessels prompted local officials to start distributing Naloxone, the overdose reversal drug commonly known as Narcan, to boat operators and training their crews on how to use it.
The Police Assisted Addiction and Recovery Initiative — a nonprofit established to help the Gloucester police as well as more than 260 other departments in 30 states that have adopted its model— has also brought on a number of full-time staffers, including an outreach worker whose job is to keep up with the hundreds of addicts that have gone through the program and to seek out new participants.
“I try to meet people where they’re at,” Roberto “Tito” Rodriguez said one recent July afternoon as he dropped into a local meal center for the homeless and low income. “Some people just need to vent. Others need a ride to a meeting or help with housing. Whatever they need, that’s what I do.”
The organization, which goes by its initials P.A.A.R.I., has also received a grant to post 25 AmeriCorps service members at police departments throughout Massachusetts to do similar work. It’s also working with the local sheriff’s office to start assisting inmates with substance abuse problems as they’re released from prison.
Few experts are willing to fault the ANGEL program for failing to curb the growing opioid epidemic. Indeed, at least 2,500 people have been placed into treatment through the program and its affiliates, according to P.A.A.R.I.
“Opioid overdoses are soaring in much of the country, and the total for Gloucester might well have been higher if not for the ANGEL program,” said Keith Humphreys, a psychiatry professor at the Stanford’s School of Medicine who is not affiliated with the program.
Even the office of Essex County District Attorney Jonathan Blodgett, which has long complained that police don’t have the authority to grant blanket immunity to addicts possessing illegal drugs, noted that measuring the success of the program based on overdoses is “comparing apples and oranges.”
Gloucester police still have the same open door, no-questions-asked policy that was the hallmark of the original ANGEL program. But as a practical matter, they’ve done away with the volunteer “angels” that helped provide emotional support and counseling to addicts as they awaited transfer to a treatment facility, a process that used to take hours, said McCarthy.
These days, few addicts actually come into the station. Most call the department and can typically be connected to treatment in short order by either a police officer or P.A.A.R.I., which opened its office across the street.
Richard Naugle says he’ll be “forever grateful” for the new ways Gloucester officials are reaching out to addicts.
The 39-year-old father of two young boys says their efforts put him back on the right path after he was arrested in February for stealing thousands of dollars from a Gloucester hardware store where he worked in order to support his oxycodone addiction.
Naugle, who was sentenced to 18 months’ probation and ordered to pay $25,000 in restitution, was referred by police to Rodriguez at P.A.A.R.I., who quickly placed him into treatment and has kept tabs on him ever since.
Naugle says he’s now six months sober and working at a power equipment repair shop.
“They’re doing God’s work over there,” he said. “How do you repay someone for saving your life?”
Follow Philip Marcelo at twitter.com/philmarcelo. His work can be found at https://www.apnews.com/search/philip%20marcelo