Bethlehem knows what it wants for Christmas: tourists. All over Manger Square and the rest of town, shopkeepers, hotel owners and just plain folks are hoping that visitors come...

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BETHLEHEM, West Bank — Bethlehem knows what it wants for Christmas: tourists.

All over Manger Square and the rest of town, shopkeepers, hotel owners and just plain folks are hoping that visitors come and stay — if only for a night.

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Pilgrims are the primary source of income in Jesus Christ’s traditional birthplace, and town leaders, while mourning Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, are encouraged by a lull in Israeli-Palestinian fighting since his death last month.

“We hope things will get better and pray every day for tourists to come back,” said Nidal Dar El-Qurneh, a guide at the Church of the Nativity. “It’s been so hard recently, especially the last four years of the intefadeh.”

The intefadeh, or Palestinian uprising, has devastated tourism throughout the Holy Land, and occasionally the violence spilled into Bethlehem.



Palestine Ministry of Tourism


Israel Ministry of Tourism:

323-658-7463 (Los Angeles office) or

Israeli forces entered the town of 40,000 in spring 2002 in a West Bank-wide sweep following a string of bloody suicide bombings. The soldiers encircled the Church of the Nativity after Palestinian gunmen fled inside, mounting a five-week siege that left bullet holes in the 4th-century shrine. Among those killed was a Palestinian bell ringer, who was hit by a stray bullet as he walked to work.

Signs of trouble


Palestinian Adel Darawe, 39, carves religious figures in Bethlehem. A lull in business has Darawe working only two days a week.

At formerly bustling Manger Square, just outside the church, the town’s troubles are evident.

Some of the bullet holes in the church are still visible, and the turquoise blue doors of the stores lining the streets are bolted. Those that are open — to sell baby Jesus figures in all sizes and glow-in-the-dark statues of the Virgin Mary — say they’re lucky to get a few customers a week.

Christmas celebrations here once attracted tens of thousands of tourists — but that was before the violence. Bethlehem Mayor Hanna Nasser said that 120,000 tourists once visited every month. Now the number is about 10,000.

And on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day — when tens of thousands of people would normally pour in — Nasser doubts even 1,500 will come to attend services.

That’s a shame, say visitors like Heather Baker of Denver, who was visiting the Church of the Nativity with fellow students from Jerusalem International University College.

The 31-year-old graduate student and her friends dismissed the notion that the West Bank town is unsafe — and suggested that TV news gave a false impression. In Bethlehem, she said, they felt welcome.

Promoting pilgrimage


A Palestinian man passes by a closed tourist souvenir shop in Bethlehem, West Bank. With a lull in Israeli and Palestinian violence and fresh hopes for peace, leaders in the traditional birthplace of Jesus are hoping this Christmas will bring pilgrims, its primary source of income, back to the city.

In a sign of renewed cooperation, the Israeli and Palestinian tourism ministers in late November announced an agreement to ease travel restrictions and promised all visitors that the Holy Land was safe.

The Vatican’s representative in Israel also signed a proclamation promoting pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

Unfortunately, it won’t look a lot like Christmas, said Nasser, the Bethlehem mayor: “Because of the death of Yasser Arafat there are no Christmas decorations. We are still in a mourning period,” he said. In the last four years of fighting, the town had put up sparse decorations, or none, to reflect the grim situation.

At the Orient Palace Hotel, which is beside Manger Square, visitors can book a single for $22 a night, including breakfast. Even at that rate, though, the best hotel worker Amin Abu Kamel hopes for is to rent all 25 rooms to visiting journalists.

“I would like to see people,” he said. “And peace.”

In a workshop where artisans crafted religious figures, Adel Darawe, 39, wrapped his sawdusted fingers around a figure of Jesus Christ and used a drill to carve a lamb draped over its shoulders.

A devout Muslim in the 35 percent Christian town, he has been crafting Jesus figures for 34 years. But he hasn’t had much work lately, carving only two days a week rather than six. But he’s staking his hopes on Christmas to help him feed his family of 11.

“I hope the situation will calm down and everyone will come back,” he said after etching another line in Jesus’ face. “They are most welcome.”