North Cascades Institute director Saul Weisberg shares his list of wonderful adventures in Washington’s wild north.

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Saul Weisberg seems to find his muse every time he paddles or hikes around the North Cascades.

Saul Weisberg, North Cascades Institute executive director (Benj Drummond photo)
Saul Weisberg, North Cascades Institute executive director (Benj Drummond photo)

He’s penned two books about the area: “Headwaters: Poems & Field Notes” and “North Cascades: The Story behind the Scenery.” He has led countless conservation projects over the past three decades.

The former North Cascades National Park ranger helped start the nonprofit North Cascades Institute. In addition to being the institute’s executive director, he’s delivered lectures and taught classes there on topics ranging from “Butterflies of the North Cascades” to “Poets on the Peaks.”

So who better to ask about the North Cascades?

“I’ve done a lot of hiking in the Tetons, Rockies and the Sierra. But the North Cascades — those deep, green river valleys and high alpine peaks — they held me in a very intimate way,” says the 62-year-old Bellingham resident.

Below, in his own words, Weisberg recounts his 10 favorite activities in the North Cascades, in no particular order.

Canoe the Skagit River

The Skagit is one of the great rivers of the west, supplying nearly 40 percent of the fresh water and wild salmon entering Puget Sound. A multiday trip down the Skagit River is a real gem. Designated a Wild and Scenic River in 1978, the Skagit drains an area of 1.7 million acres, including the most glaciated region in the Lower 48. I like to put my canoe in at Copper Creek in North Cascades National Park and paddle to the mouth where it empties into the Salish Sea. This trip takes three to four days and involves camping on gravel bars and beaches. The river gains momentum after the Cascade, Baker and Sauk rivers add to its flow, and you can finish a great journey by paddling up the Swinomish Channel for dinner in La Conner. Shorter day-trips can be made by paddling from Marblemount to Rockport or Rasar State Park.

Backpack from Hannegan Pass to Ross Lake

There are several long backpacking routes in the North Cascades. One of my favorites begins from the Mount Baker Highway, climbing Hannegan Pass and continuing north along Copper Ridge before descending to the Chilliwack River, climbing over Whatcom Pass and finally over Beaver Pass and down Big Beaver Valley to Ross Lake. A fire lookout, incredible views of the Picket Range and one of the best old-growth cedar forests in the range — this trip is hard to beat. Other great long hikes include the Devils Dome circumnavigation of Jack Mountain, or dropping into Stehekin via Bridge Creek from Rainy Pass.

Explore the Methow Valley

There are many different ways to explore this valley flowing off of the east slope of the Cascades. You can look for great birds and butterflies in Pipestone Canyon, cross-country ski in the winter, or mountain-bike on dozens of backcountry roads in the summer. Try Sun Mountain for beginners, Buck Mountain for a challenge.

Paddle Ross Lake and climb Desolation Peak

Perhaps the most famous literary spot in the North Cascades is the fire lookout atop Desolation Peak. This is where writer Jack Kerouac spent the summer of 1956 working for the U.S. Forest Service, an experience he later recounted in “Desolation Angels” and “The Dharma Bums.” The lookout is still there, perched atop the 6,102-foot peak and commanding one of the best views in Washington. The Desolation trailhead on Ross Lake can be reached by canoe, by renting a small powerboat from Ross Lake Resort or by hiking the East Bank Trail from Highway 20. The lookout trail is steep — carry plenty of water — with views around every corner.

Paddling on Ross Lake, with Pumpkin Mountain at right. In the saddle is the Big Beaver Creek trail in North Cascades National Park.  (Steve Ringman/The Seattle Times)
Paddling on Ross Lake, with Pumpkin Mountain at right. In the saddle is the Big Beaver Creek trail in North Cascades National Park. (Steve Ringman/The Seattle Times)

Explore around Mount Baker

There are many ways to explore Komo Kulshan, the northernmost Cascade volcano that looms ever-white over Bellingham and the San Juan Islands. Great trails start from Heather Meadows, but to avoid crowds I suggest you explore the Noisy-Diobsud Wilderness or hike the lowland old-growth forest on the East Bank Trail of Baker Lake. Drive a bit farther to access Railroad Grade, the Scott Paul Trail and Park Butte. From this alpine wonderland, you’ll see the Easton Glacier and the Black Buttes up close and personal.

Hike to Hidden Lakes Peak

I was a backcountry ranger at Cascade Pass in 1979, and that trail and the view from Sahale Arm are close to my heart. However, to avoid the crowds I like to turn off the Cascade River Road before reaching the Cascade Pass Trail, at the short spur to the trailhead to Hidden Lakes Peak. It’s a beautiful trail to an old fire lookout, which is open to the public, and fabulous views of Cascade Pass and Boston Basin looking east across the valley. Hidden Lakes are surrounded by a veritable rock garden of giant talus boulders. Sibley Pass, accessible by a short scramble from the trail, is an amazing place to watch the fall migration of raptors overhead by the hundreds.

Climb Cascadian rock

The North Cascades are sometimes called “the American Alps” and they offer a mind-blowing array of mountaineering opportunities that have challenged and inspired the world’s best climbers. The legendary Fred Beckey pioneered many first ascents here and wrote three volumes of his “Cascade Alpine Guide,” still used by climbers today. There are too many great climbs to recommend just one, but several of my favorites include peaks aptly named Forbidden, Fury, Triumph, Torment, Terror and Eldorado.

See wildflowers at Harts Pass

The highest road in Washington state will take you up to the alpine zone on the crest of the range, one of my favorite places to explore the land above tree line. Time your trip to coincide with the wildflower bloom, usually peaking in late July or early August. The wildfires that burned through in 2003 changed this area dramatically. Silver-fir forests have been replaced by meadows, and bluebirds, woodpeckers and raptors are everywhere. The Meadows Campground is one of my favorite places to base camp, with incredible opportunities to roam in all directions, including the Pacific Crest Trail north to Canada.

Visit the Environmental Learning Center

North Cascades Institute operates the North Cascades Environmental Learning Center on Diablo Lake in partnership with North Cascades National Park and Seattle City Light. This wilderness campus in the heart of the national park is home to many of the institute’s programs — Mountain School, Family Getaways, Skagit Tours — and a wide array of classes on natural and cultural history. The Learning Center is also a great place from which to “explore the neighborhood,” on local hikes up Thunder Creek, Sourdough Mountain, Pyramid Lake, Diablo Lake to Ross Dam and the North Cascades National Park Visitors Center in Newhalem.

Bellingham fifth-graders listen to a naturalist outside the North Cascades Environmental Learning Center on Diablo Lake.  (Steve Ringman/The Seattle Times)
Bellingham fifth-graders listen to a naturalist outside the North Cascades Environmental Learning Center on Diablo Lake. (Steve Ringman/The Seattle Times)

Find your own place

“Top 10 lists” make me a little crazy. What I really like to do is leave the trail behind at some point, find a secluded spot where I can set up a good “Leave No Trace” camp, and use this as a base camp to explore, poke around, read a book, follow birds and bugs, or just remember why I fell in love with this special part of the world over 30 years ago.

If you go

Happening this summer

• Saul Weisberg leads a literary excursion to Desolation Peak with North Cascades Institute Aug. 4-7. More information: ncascades.org.

• Free Anniversary Picnic at North Cascades Environmental Learning Center 10 a.m.-3 p.m. July 17 to celebrate the North Cascades Institute’s 30th birthday and the National Park Service’s centennial. Barbecue, guided canoeing and hiking, family fun and boat tours of Diablo Lake. ncascades.org/signup/­programs/special-events