Fun facts, nutritional information and serving suggestions about persimmons, star fruit, dragon fruit, litchi and horned melons.
Grocery shopping with my children can be a game of dodgeball as they try to sneak in things I prefer not to buy, but on a recent trip to the grocery store, my second-grader picked up a dragon fruit and asked me what it was. After I answered, she dived for a litchi, then a persimmon, then examined several other fruits uncommon to many Americans that seemed to be huddled at the back of the produce section.
Instead of saying no to her request, as I might have if sugary cereal or chocolate doughnuts were her ask, I bought one of several often-overlooked fruits and brought them home as an experiment.
I knew what to do with a persimmon, as I have sliced them on a cheese plate and mashed them for baby food. We have blended dragon fruit into our smoothies, and star fruit is always a hit because the shape is so appealing to kids. Yet I have to admit, the litchi and the kiwano melon were going to nudge me right out of my comfort zone.
My daughter and I studied each of these kid-friendly fruits, delving into their unique flavors, their unexpected usages and their undeniable nutrition. Later that night, she played a game with her teenage brothers, asking them to match each quirky-looking fruit to its fun facts. They never would have played that game with me, but they generously indulged her, and our experiment went down as a win.
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The national fruit of Japan (though it originated in China), persimmons are in season from September through December, making them regulars in holiday cooking. During the fall harvest, some people attempt to predict upcoming winter weather by peeking at the pattern inside persimmon seeds. If the pattern resembles a fork, it will be a mild season. A spoon suggests a snowy winter, and a knife indicates bitter cold and wind that will cut like a knife. There are two types of persimmons: the hachiya, which is shaped like an acorn and is bitter before ripening, and the fuyu, which is sweet, round and usually seedless. Buy this latter variety and eat when it’s firm but not hard.
One persimmon provides 55 percent of the recommended daily vitamin A, 21 percent of the recommended daily vitamin C, fiber, B vitamins, other minerals such as manganese, copper, and phosphorous, and phytonutrients, antioxidants and flavonoids to help prevent cancer.
Ways to serve:
Chop the crisp, sweet flesh to include in a lunch box, eat like an apple (peeling is optional), make a mozzarella (or any kind of cheese) and persimmon sandwich, top a bowl of ice cream, add to salads, mash into baby food once a baby is 8 to 10 months old, add color to a cheese plate, bake in muffins, or make into a chutney.
Star fruit (carambola)
When cut crosswise, this fruit looks like a star, hence its name. Star fruit, which is native to parts of Southeast Asia, tastes similar to a grape. The larger varieties tend to be sweeter, and the entire fruit is edible, skin and all. Star fruit are ripe when they are vibrant yellow; if brown spots appear, pop it in the refrigerator. The few seeds are edible or can be discarded.
One star fruit provides 76 percent of the recommended daily vitamin C, in addition to fiber, potassium, copper and B vitamins.
Ways to serve:
Slice star fruit for a snack or add to a lunch box, blend into smoothies, chop for chutney or salsa, add color and interest to a fruit salad, or give sweetness and appeal to leafy green salads.
Dragon fruit (pitaya)
Dragon fruit, believed to be native to Central America, are technically part of the cactus species, yet look like a smaller, softer, pinker pineapple. This fruit is mildly sweet, described by my daughter as a mix of a kiwi and watermelon. It is ripe when firm but not hard. The pink-fleshed fruits tend to be higher in nutrients and a bit sweeter than the white-fleshed ones. Pitaya trees produce fruit multiple times a year, yet the flower blooms just once a year, and only at night, so it is quite a spectacle.
One dragon fruit provides phytonutrients, antioxidants and flavonoids, B vitamins, 15 percent of the daily recommended vitamin C, iron and calcium.
Ways to serve:
Slice lengthwise, then quarter, and peel off and discard the skin. You can eat the black seeds along with the flesh. Chill it, then chop into cubes or shape with a melon baller for a fruit salad. Frozen dragon-fruit pieces for smoothies are found in many grocery stores.
These fruits, which originated in southern China, have a tough, bumpy skin that is easily peeled to reveal a white fleshy fruit much like a peeled grape. Litchi fruits have one inedible seed. Litchi trees are high-producing, with one Florida tree yielding a record-breaking 1,200 pounds of fruit in one year.
One half-cup of the fruit provides more than 100 percent of the daily recommended vitamin C, plus fiber, antioxidants, flavonoids, high levels of B vitamins, potassium and phosphorous. Litchi can be an allergen.
Ways to serve:
Chop into a salad, or use to flavor drinks such as iced tea or margaritas.