Washington Mutual, ravaged by losses from sour mortgages, replaced Kerry Killinger as chief executive of the nation's largest savings and...

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NEW YORK — Washington Mutual, ravaged by losses from sour mortgages, replaced Kerry Killinger as chief executive of the nation’s largest savings and loan today, adding him to the growing list of banking bosses ousted by their boards.

Killinger, 59, is being replaced by Alan H. Fishman, the former president and chief operating officer of Sovereign Bank and president and CEO of Independence Community Bank.

Also today, WaMu said it has entered into a memorandum of understanding with the Office of Thrift Supervision concerning aspects of its operations. WaMu has committed to provide the OTS with an updated, multiyear business plan and forecast for its earnings, asset quality, capital and business segment performance. The plan will not require the company to raise capital or increase liquidity, WaMu said.

Today’s news sent the Seattle-based company’s share price on a wild ride. The stock initially gained 20 percent, then gave up all its gains and fell 20 percent, and then steadied to close down 15 cents, or 3.5 percent, at $4.12.

Battered by rising mortgage delinquencies and defaults, and by the sinking value of its mortgage portfolio, WaMu has lost nearly 70 percent of its market value this year.

Killinger, who was stripped of his chairman title in June, became CEO of the thrift in 1990 and built WaMu into one of the country’s largest banks. But with a heavy focus on subprime and option adjustable-rate mortgages — the types of mortgages at the heart of the housing bust — WaMu’s losses began to mount and its shares plummeted, sparking an outcry from shareholders.

The board’s splitting of the CEO and chairman roles in June was an effort, at the urging of shareholders, to improve corporate governance. At WaMu’s shareholder meeting in April, a nonbinding resolution urging the installation of a non-employee as board chairman passed with 51.5 percent of the votes.

But Killinger — who received compensation valued at $14.4 million in 2007 — held on to his post as CEO, even as the list of other top banking executives shown the door continued to grow.

Killinger’s exit follows that of Wachovia CEO Ken Thompson, Merrill Lynch & Co.’s Stanley O’Neal and Citigroup’s Charles Prince.

The 62-year-old Fishman became president and CEO of Brooklyn, N.Y.-based Independence in 2001. He later served as president and chief operating officer of Sovereign Bank after the Philadelphia-based bank bought Independence for $3.6 billion in cash in 2006.

“The board has great confidence in Alan’s ability to lead WaMu,” said Chairman Stephen E. Frank in a conference call with analysts today, “and to return the company to profitability as quickly as possible.”

Most recently, Fishman has served as chairman of commercial mortgage brokerage Meridian Capital Group.

Some analysts believe Fishman’s relationship with Meridian could prove to be an important one.

“While it is still too early to tell which direction Mr. Fishman intends to take Washington Mutual, we would not rule out an investment in Meridian if Washington Mutual remains an independent company post this credit cycle,” wrote Fox-Pitt Kelton analyst Albert Savastano in a note to clients.

While the management change may be long overdue, few are convinced it will prove a quick fix to the bank’s ongoing problems.

“A new CEO can bring new energy, new perspective to a struggling company,” said Moshe Orenbuch, an analyst at Credit Suisse, in an interview. “But they can’t undo a loan that has been written already. What new management should be focusing on is making inroads into disposing its existing problem asset base.”

Fishman said it’s too early to comment on whether the bank will pursue any asset sales. Among his priorities is growing the bank’s retail franchise.

“I share the board’s confidence in WaMu’s underlying strength,” Fishman said during the conference call. “I know that we can and will manage the issues we face today.”

WaMu’s troubles largely stem from rising delinquencies among its “option” adjustable-rate mortgage loans. The bank stopped originating the negative amortizing loans, also called option ARM loans, in June. Option ARM loans offer very low introductory payments and let borrowers defer some interest payments until later years.

WaMu became one of the first retail banks to seek outside cash in the wake of the credit crisis when it agreed to sell equity securities to an investment fund managed by TPG Capital and to other investors this spring, raising $7.2 billion in fresh capital.

In July, the bank reported a $3 billion second-quarter loss — the biggest quarterly loss in its history — as it increased its loss reserves to more than $8 billion to cover bad loans.

The company expects cumulative losses in its residential mortgage portfolio to total $19 billion, the high end of previous guidance, and has said 2008 will be the peak year for provisioning.

During the second quarter, WaMu announced plans to exit the wholesale lending business and close all remaining stand-alone home loan centers, resulting in 3,000 job losses. The bank said it would instead focus its mortgage-originating efforts in its retail bank branches and Web site, and by expanding its call center operations. WaMu announced an additional 1,200 job cuts in June.

Earlier this year, the bank slashed its quarterly dividend to 1 cent from 15 cents, which will result in savings of about $490 million a year.