Sales of existing homes fell more sharply than expected in June as the housing industry continued to be bruised by the worst slump in more...

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WASHINGTON — Sales of existing homes fell more sharply than expected in June as the housing industry continued to be bruised by the worst slump in more than two decades.

The National Association of Realtors reported today that sales dropped by 2.6 percent last month to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.86 million units. That was more than double the decline that had been expected and left sales 15.5 percent below where they were a year ago.

The downward slide in sales depressed prices, too. The median price for a home sold in June dropped to $215,100, down by 6.1 percent from a year ago. That was the fifth largest year-over-year price drop on record.

As previously reported by the the Northwest Multiple Listing Service, sales of King County single-family homes fell 27.2 percent last month compared with the previous June. Prices were down 4.3 percent year over year. Snohomish and Pierce counties showed similar trends. These local numbers include both existing and new homes.

The drop in sales nationwide in June pushed inventories of unsold single-family homes and condominiums to 4.49 million units, up by 0.2 percent. That represented a 11.1 month supply at the June sales pace, the second highest level in the past 24 years.

In another troubling sign for housing, Freddie Mac’s nationwide survey of mortgage rates showed a big jump, reflecting elevated market fears about the financial health of Freddie and Fannie Mae, the two giant players in mortgage markets. The rates on 30-year mortgages surged to 6.63 percent this week, the highest level in nearly a year and up from 6.26 percent last week.

Sales of existing homes dropped in all regions of the country in June except the West, which posted a 1 percent sales increase. Sales fell by 6.6 percent in the Northeast, 3.4 percent in the Midwest and 3.1 percent in the South.

Analysts said that until the inventory level is reduced to more normal levels, the slump in housing is likely to persist. The inventory level is being driven higher by a massive wave of mortgage foreclosures, however.

Seeking to address the housing crisis, Congress is moving to pass a sweeping package of rescue measures. The plan includes support to keep as many as 400,000 homeowners from losing their homes to foreclosure and a federal lifeline to bolster troubled mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

The House passed the bill Wednesday and the Senate is expected to pass the proposal in coming days, sending it to President Bush. The president on Wednesday dropped a veto threat over a portion of the bill.

Lawrence Yun, chief economist for the Realtors, said that the housing rescue bill should play a major role in helping the housing market to rebound. He said an especially significant feature is a tax break worth up to $7,500 for first-time home buyers who purchase between April 9 of this year and July 1, 2009.

Yun estimated that up to 3 million first-time home buyers could qualify for that tax break, providing a significant boost to sales at a critical time.

“I think we are very near to the end of the housing downturn,” Yun said.

Other private economists are not as optimistic. They worry that the relief supplied by Congress will not be enough to relieve the pressure weighing on housing and the overall economy now.