Friday’s ruling is at least a partial win for companies including Alphabet’s Project Wing and Amazon’s Prime Air, which have urged regulators and lawmakers to impose additional standards on the millions of people who fly hobbyist drones.

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The U.S. government’s ability to police hobbyist drone use was upheld by an appellate court Friday in a ruling that helps set the stage for a series of new restrictions and requirements that aviation regulators hope to enact soon.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit on Friday rejected arguments by drone hobbyist John Taylor, who last year had successfully overturned the Federal Aviation Administration’s system for registering unmanned aircraft.

While the three-judge panel said Congress intended to exempt some hobbyists from regulation — provided they weren’t creating a safety hazard — they denied Taylor’s request to invalidate the rules.

“Because the rule is within the agency’s statutory authority and is neither arbitrary nor capricious, the petition for review is denied,” wrote Judge Merrick Garland.

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Congress in 2012 passed a law that gave FAA authority over the remotely piloted aircraft known as drones while also saying certain model aircraft flown by hobbyists who already followed safety rules by a “nationwide community-based organization” were exempt.

That has led some to argue that the FAA can’t set regulations over drone flights by hobbyists. Taylor argued in this case that all hobbyists, not just those exempted by Congress, should be exempt from the law. Last year he successfully used the 2012 law to argue that the FAA’s drone-registration system wasn’t legal, though Congress later reinstated the registry.

Friday’s ruling is at least a partial win for companies including Alphabet’s Project Wing and Amazon’s Prime Air, which have urged regulators and lawmakers to impose additional standards on the millions of people who fly hobbyist drones. Such requirements are needed to ensure that it’s safe to operate the autonomous delivery systems they are developing, the companies say.