Relief money promised under the American Rescue Plan will hit the bank accounts of many Americans Wednesday — the first official payment date — though some financial institutions chose to make the cash available to people even before it arrived from the government.

Not everyone eligible to receive a payment will get one Wednesday, though. Additional rounds of payments will be made in the coming weeks, including for people who will receive theirs by mail as a check or debit card. You can check the status of your payment with the Internal Revenue Service’s Get My Payment tool.

Payments top out at $1,400 per person, including children and adult dependents. To qualify for the full $1,400, a single person must have an adjusted gross income of $75,000 or below. For heads of household, adjusted gross income must be $112,500 or less, and for married couples filing jointly, that number has to be $150,000 or below. Partial payments are available to people who earn more, but the amounts are lower.

The payments are calculated using the most recent information on file with the IRS, which could be a 2019 tax return for those who haven’t yet filed for 2020.

For those newly eligible for a payment based on their 2020 income but who haven’t yet filed a tax return, the law allows the Treasury Department to continue payments until September. Those who don’t get a payment during that period can claim what they are owed when filing their 2021 taxes.

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