Consumer Reports survey says agents will lower fees, but less than half of sellers tried to negotiate.

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NEW YORK — Don’t be shy about haggling over what you pay your real-estate agent.

A study released Monday by Consumer Reports found that 71 percent of sellers who negotiated for lower commissions with their brokers were successful. But only 46 percent of sellers who were surveyed said they tried.

Those who paid commissions of 3 percent were just as satisfied with their broker’s performance as those who paid 6 percent, the study found.

The lesson? Haggling won’t hurt.

In fact, those who paid higher commissions were more likely to have regrets about the selling experience. Nearly one-third of them said they should have been more aggressive in negotiating a fee.

Sellers were most likely to get lower fees from independent and Re/Max brokers, said Mark Kotkin, director of survey research at Consumer Reports.

“But they will all negotiate,” Kotkin said “Just ask for it. It’s like buying a car. A lot of people think (the price) is set, but it’s not.”

Independent agents may be more likely to negotiate fees because they keep their entire commission, while those who work for brokers typically split commissions with the brokers in exchange for marketing and office support.

About half the home sellers surveyed paid less than 6 percent in commissions. The study is published in Consumer Reports’ September issue. The issue also includes tips on which home improvements provide the biggest pay off. (Hint: What’s on the outside matters).

The study found no significant gap in services for those who paid lower commissions. For example, 81 percent of those who paid 3 percent or less said the agent gave them a comparative market analysis of their homes. By comparison, 87 percent of people who paid 6 percent or more said they got CMAs.

Mike Wright, managing broker at Prudential Georgia Realty, said a seller has a much better chance of negotiating a lower commission when the house is in good condition and priced aggressively.

Such houses sell faster, meaning the agent has to spend less money on marketing the home.

“If I could sell a house in two weeks rather than six months, I’d be more willing to negotiate,” Wright said.

When looking for an agent, Consumer Reports suggests asking around for recommendations and interviewing multiple candidates. Agents should clearly explain how they plan to market your home and how they will handle open houses and advertising in the newspaper and on the Internet.

Among five major real-estate companies, 77 percent of Re/Max agents agreed to lower commissions; 64 percent Coldwell Banker agents agreed to do so.

“Real-estate commissions are determined between the sellers and their agents, but the best advice I can give home sellers is that it is far more important to focus on an agent’s performance, especially in today’s housing market,” said Alex Perriello, president and CEO of Realogy Franchise Group, the parent company of Coldwell Banker and Century 21 Real Estate.

Most respondents to the Consumer Reports study said they found service from larger real-estate chains and independent brokers to be “very satisfying.”

The survey was based on 9,141 responses to the Consumer Reports National Research Center’s annual questionnaire. It covered selling or trying to sell homes from 2004 to 2007. Despite the shift in the housing market in that time span, Kotkin said there was no significant difference in the outcomes by year.

Of those surveyed, 86 percent of people who put their homes on the market made a sale.