Forest products, software and planes are three other Washington industries talking but waiting on agriculture.

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Two trade treaties, two trade courts — and two conflicting decisions on a long-running timber dispute between the U.S. and Canada.

U.S. timber companies have won the WTO’s support for their position that Canada unfairly subsidizes its harvests of softwood lumber, but Canada now is pressing for changes in WTO rules.

The debate highlights how regional trade deals such as the North American Free Trade Agreement can run afoul of broader global negotiations.

Washington exports last year

$1.49 billion (includes paper and paperboard)


Piracy is a top issue for software companies, and China will be under scrutiny for how it is living up to the commitments it made when it joined the WTO in 2001.

The U.S. is using the WTO to press China on improving its anti-piracy enforcement.

Washington exports last year

Software sold abroad isn’t tracked the same way as other goods. But Microsoft, for example, last year got 41 percent of its profit — $6.8 billion — from international sales.


Locally, no industry produces more exports than aerospace.

Globally, subsidies to aircraft producers are testing the WTO’s rules.

The Boeing-Airbus subsidy dispute won’t be on the table in Hong Kong, but an issue relevant to Boeing will be: the subsidies that would-be WTO member Russia provides to its domestic aircraft companies.

Washington exports last year

$17.19 billion