Customer support has become a crowded field in enterprise technology as software vendors from Microsoft to Salesforce rush to arm organizations with tools to create one-stop service centers.

The attention is revitalizing the call center, a once-backwater unit that has long suffered from high turnover rates and minimal corporate investment. Salesforce, ServiceNow, Twilio and Genesys Cloud Services are among the companies that see the call center as a critical part of efforts to transform the consumer base from a sea of faceless pocketbooks to potentially millions of unique personas.

Zoom Video Communications was prepared to fork over $14.7 billion in stock to buy Five9 to gain a foothold in the contact-center industry. But Five9 shareholders ultimately thought the price was too low and turned down the deal, a testament to just how much the sector is expected to grow in the coming years.

“Instead of being a cost center, it’s a lifetime value driver,” said Vasili Triant, chief operating officer at UJET, a closely held San Francisco-based call center cloud software provider. As a result, “this space has drawn a lot of attention. Companies need to improve experience. Because of that, a lot of money has flown into it. When money flows into it, people see a huge opportunity.”

Historically, customer-support software was viewed as a money pit — systems that were necessary to help field consumer complaints or inquiries but produced little return on investment. Many businesses simply wanted to pick a product, deploy it and forget about it. As a result, the market was fragmented between just a handful of top vendors, including Genesys, Cisco Systems and Avaya.

But as more companies move those systems to the internet, that mindset is undergoing a seismic shift. The future is centered on artificial intelligence. Call-center software providers, including Genesys, Amazon Web Services and Five9, tout investments in natural language processing, a type of AI focused on empowering machines to understand how humans communicate.


“A lot of people are realizing this is one of the biggest, if not the biggest, unclaimed pot of gold out there,” said Gustavo Sapoznik, chief executive officer of Asapp, one of those startups focused on the area. “The big opportunity is to elevate human performance, to make the people working these jobs much better by building technology that allows them to.”

But the broader vision is much more grandiose. A glut of providers, including Salesforce, Microsoft, Zoom, Zendesk, Adobe and ServiceNow, are pitching a future that goes beyond the call center to one focused on providing a better customer experience regardless of how they interact with a business.

“Right now, there’s a lot of different competitors coming into this market from different angles,” Gartner analyst Drew Kraus said. “It will almost certainly go through some type of market consolidation. But for now, more people are getting in than getting out.”

For customers, such a system would enable more seamless interactions with businesses. An individual could be talking to an agent on the phone, decide to switch to an online chat, and have the history of the previous discussion carry over.

“The whole notion of having a contact center whose entire focus is about limiting interactions with customers because that’s a cost, that is being challenged,” said Simonetta Turek, the general manager of Twilio’s call center product, Flex.

And for companies, storing that information within one system would enable them to run analysis and glean deeper insights into their customers. Most companies are in the early stages of putting together that kind of setup. In fact, just 32% of call-center agents are using cloud-based technology, according to Gartner.


Constructing a system where all those programs work together could also prove difficult. For the past two decades, software-as-a-service providers built guardrails around their products that prevented data from being easily shared. That helped customers quickly adopt the applications, underscoring a huge growth in sales, but it created challenges for businesses that increasingly want those systems to talk to one another.

It’s unlikely that any one vendor will be able to consolidate and manage all those services in one offering. That’s why software makers are rushing to partner with other vendors, creating new alliances between rival companies centered on integrating programs together to capture the bulk of how customers use them.

Last month, for example, Genesys announced $580 million in new funding from strategic partners Salesforce, Zoom and ServiceNow — all companies trying to deepen their footprint in the call center industry.

Notably, Salesforce, has a deep partnership with Amazon Web Services, which sells its own call-center product called Connect that is increasingly in competition with Genesys.

Genesys also has launched partnerships with the likes of Adobe and Alphabet’s Google Cloud. And it has an ongoing initiative with Salesforce archrival Microsoft, which also sells a contact-center application. Despite the investment from Salesforce, Genesys CEO Tony Bates sees no reason why the effort with Microsoft can’t expand, underscoring the industry’s complicated web of partnerships.

“Certainly, we don’t see that as any kind of barrier to growing our business,” he said. “The world is a massive world of cooper-tition.”

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