This will be the first time mobile apps — which Microsoft will provide free of charge — have been used in tabulating the results of the Iowa caucuses.

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Iowa and Microsoft will have a lot at stake Monday evening as Republican and Democratic volunteers in roughly 1,700 precincts start plugging vote totals into their smartphones to deliver the first verdict of the 2016 presidential campaign.

It will be the first time mobile apps have been used in tabulating the results of the Iowa caucuses. While it may not offer much solace to those organizing the count, it could hardly go worse than it did four years ago.

The Republican results in 2012 became mired in confusion and created an Iowa embarrassment after an especially close race between former Massachusetts Gov. Mitt Romney and former Sen. Rick Santorum of Pennsylvania.

Romney was initially named the winner. Then, more than two weeks later and after a final accounting, Santorum was declared the victor by a 34-vote margin out of more than 120,000 cast. Numbers from eight precincts were never found or certified.

With polls showing the race close in Iowa between billionaire Donald Trump and Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas, there may not be much room for error on Monday, either. Any major hiccup could further threaten Iowa’s first-in-the-nation caucuses, something always coveted by other states that want an earlier shot.

“I would like to think that was a once-in-a-lifetime experience,” said Matt Strawn, who was the state Republican Party chairman on the fateful night in 2012.

Santorum, who is running again this year, often points to his initial slight in the count and how it hurt his potential momentum.

Unlike primaries that follow in New Hampshire and South Carolina, Iowa’s caucuses are run by the state parties and not government, such as a secretary of state’s office.

In the past, an automated telephone system was used to file results from each precinct. The system was prone to error because there was less cross-checking to determine if someone accidentally hit a wrong touch-tone.

“I do think it makes a difference that they have someone, in Microsoft, that has really put themselves out there,” Strawn said when asked if he thinks the events of 2012 could repeat themselves. “They have as much skin in the game as anyone.”

Democratic and Republican party officials have said the new online technology, which Microsoft is providing free, will deliver timely and accurate results.

“We have trained, trained, trained and tested, tested, tested with Microsoft to ensure that our caucus reporters will be able to quickly, accurately and securely transmit precinct reports on caucus night,” said Charlie Szold, the state Republican Party’s communications director.

Votes at each precinct will be counted the way they always have been. It’s just the transmission of totals from each location that will be different.

That transmission will be done via a mobile-enabled, cloud-based platform.

The new reporting system will feature separate applications for each party’s unique caucus process that will enable volunteers to securely submit results directly to their headquarters in Des Moines. The information will be stored and managed in Microsoft’s Azure cloud computing platform.

In addition to mobile-reporting applications, each party will have a separate results-verification app that will allow headquarters staff to monitor incoming results.

Anomalies and potential problem areas will be automatically highlighted, and party officials say they’ll be able to quickly connect with precinct chairs if issues arise.

The public will be able to follow results on a new website, where they also can interact with a map to discover results and information for each precinct in all 99 counties.