Inside a fragrant warehouse in this snowy northern village, orchard farmer Hisanobu Katayama watched as his workers gingerly boxed what...
HIROSAKI, Japan — Inside a fragrant warehouse in this snowy northern village, orchard farmer Hisanobu Katayama watched as his workers gingerly boxed what he proudly called “the Rolls-Royce of apples.”
As big as softballs and as shiny as gems, the precious produce typically goes from the farm to the glitzy retailers of Japan’s big cities — where the high prices charged for such fruit have earned this nation its reputation as the land of the $15 apple.
But this year, the most costly crates of Katayama’s “Japan’s Best” apples are bypassing Tokyo’s chic Ginza district and heading to China instead. There, Japanese apples are being scooped up by the Lamborghini-driving, Gucci-toting nouveau riche in Beijing and Dalian at $17 a piece, or roughly 100 times the price of a Chinese apple. Some of the finest specimens, with dragon designs and Chinese characters in their peels, retail for more than $100 each.
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Katayama’s exports to China have soared from two to 20 tons over the past three years despite China’s rank as the world’s largest apple producer. As developing nations press the industrialized world to open their doors to cheaper foreign produce during the World Trade Organization meeting in Hong Kong this week, Katayama’s success explains how he and his peers hope to prosper in the age of globalization — by cultivating an export market for boutique fruit.
“We’ve discovered that the richest Chinese are now willing to pay more than a Japanese for the best possible apple,” said Katayama, 45, whose apples are also popping up inside London’s Marks & Spencer and the banquet halls of Taipei. “The more expensive it is, the more they want it. That’s great news for us, because it is the only way Japanese farmers are going to survive.”
The crates of “Japan’s Best” apples being shipped overseas are only part of a niche-market export boom from high-end Japanese farms. It includes $240 musk melons flying off to Thailand, $3 strawberries heading to Hong Kong and $170 square watermelons carted to Kuwait.
Officials estimate Japanese fruit exports will hit at least 25,000 tons in 2005, or more than double the 1999 figure. While Japan’s total agricultural exports of $2 billion still amount to only 2 percent of its overall farm production, government officials are stepping up marketing efforts with the goal of doubling exports within five years.
“Japan may well be beaten by developing nations with cheaper farm and fishery products,” Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi said at an agricultural conference in Tokyo this year. “But I think Japan can still compete on the international market — by exporting more expensive and delicious goods.”
Though Japan, the world’s largest net importer of foodstuffs, has steadfastly maintained some of the world’s highest agricultural tariffs, the number of Japanese farmers plummeted to an all-time low of 3.6 million in 2004, compared with almost 8 million in 1975. Young rural people have migrated to big cities, leaving a disproportionate number of seniors to tend farms. As they die off, Japanese society is fretting about the future of this nation’s ancient and particular food culture.
To be sure, through luxury fruits the Japanese are exporting their own culinary aesthetic. Apples in Japan, for example, are prized as much for beauty as for taste. On Japanese farms — almost all of which are small-scale operations — even slightly blemished apples are discarded for juice and jams.
Clearly not everyone in Japan can afford a $15 apple. But even in the domestic market — still by far the most important for Japanese farmers — agricultural producers and sellers are focusing increasingly on the high-end niche market.
At Sembikiya, a pricey fruits retailer in Tokyo’s fashionable Nihonbashi quarter, sales have risen 30 percent over the past decade while the company has grown from eight to 13 branches nationwide despite Japan’s long economic downturn. Customers are greeted with classical music as they shop in a gallery space-meets-supermarket environment. Musk melons, for instance, are displayed against soft lighting, priced from $100 to $350 depending on the intricacy of the gorgeous lattice patterns cultivated into their skins.
Customers acquiring the most expensive fruits are ushered to a back table to complete their transactions while contemplating cups of warm passion-fruit juice provided by white-gloved attendants. For years, the firm’s clients have been almost exclusively Japanese. But in the past two to three years, foreigners have begun to make up a significant percentage of company sales.
“There is a lot of interest from the oil money states in the gulf — the sheiks like the musk melons,” said Ushio Oshima, Sembikiya’s executive planning director. “But most of our foreign clients are Asians who share Japan’s culture of giving fine quality fruit as gifts.”
Washington Post special correspondent Sachiko Sakamaki contributed to this report.