NEW YORK (AP) — Founded in 2012, Affirm is one of the largest “buy now, pay later” companies in the U.S. It is also the only U.S.-based buy now, pay later company that is publicly traded.
Affirm’s stock has lost nearly 80% of its value this year as soaring inflation made investors doubt the future of buy now, pay later services. This week the company forecast revenue for next year that was worse than analysts expected, kicking the stock lower again.
Founder Max Levchin was part of the team that helped launch PayPal in 1998. Levchin recently spoke with The Associated Press about the health of Affirm’s borrowers and its increasing number of competitors. The interview has been edited for length and clarity.
Q: One thing notable in your earnings is the increased usage of your product. Customers have on average three loans with you, up from two. Why is this frequency going up?
A: I think it really showcases that we are hitting an unmet need and developing loyalty with customers. We’re now available in roughly 60% of e-commerce retailers, as well as places like Shopify and Amazon. We’re finding that once you’ve used Affirm once, you’ll do it again and again. We expect that frequency figure to keep growing.
Q: There have been some signs of consumers getting financially stressed by inflation. How is it impacting your borrowers?
A: I would not call it a sort of preamble to a potential downturn, but it’s not the same kind of a smooth sailing it’s been for the last 11 years. We have seen some stress (among those with the lowest credit scores), and those are starting to have a hard time.
Q: So, is this impacting your ability to make loans?
A: Not at all. We have taken a much more conservative approach, but that doesn’t mean we aren’t making loans. We can estimate a borrower’s cash flow, and hypothetically, make a loan if the borrower makes a bigger down payment, for example. Meanwhile a number of our competitors that used to be traditionally indifferent to underwriting are starting to slam the brakes. They were building a business model of no price too low, underwriting loans with happy abandon because growth is important. They are starting to really taper their growth very, very aggressively. So, we’re trying to take market share from them, underwrite better loans and build a better experience for customers.
Q: There have been some new competitors in the buy now, pay later industry, most notably Apple. How is this impacting your business?
A: Those new entrances into the market haven’t really impacted us, as you can see in our earnings. Also with customers using the service more often, there’s plenty of room for growth for everyone.