At a SpaceX open house, a quartet of NASA astronauts, who could fly as soon as next year, were greeted by thundering applause from throngs of SpaceX employees
HAWTHORNE, Calif. — Elon Musk’s SpaceX hosted an open house here Monday, offering a rare peek inside the Willy Wonka-like rocket factory that also serves as a museum of sorts to SpaceX’s 16-year history.
Outside the headquarters stands a towering rocket booster, the first to fly back to Earth and land instead of being ditched in the ocean. Inside, next to its mission-control center, is a charred spacecraft hanging from the rafters, the first commercial capsule to reach orbit and return.
But on Monday there was something else on the factory floor: the quartet of NASA astronauts that SpaceX plans to fly as soon as next year, who were greeted by thundering applause from throngs of SpaceX employees, many decked out in matching SpaceX T-shirts. Musk did not make a public appearance.
The astronauts’ presence augurs a significant point in the future of SpaceX, founded by Musk in 2002 with the goal of making space accessible to large numbers of people, and eventually colonizing Mars.
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“Human spaceflight was the reason that SpaceX was founded in the first place,” said Benji Reed, the director of SpaceX’s commercial crew program. “It’s our number one goal and our number one priority.”
But for all of the lofty talk and ambitious goals, for all of the triumphs and setbacks, SpaceX has still yet to ever fly a single human being. Its business has been focused on flying satellites for commercial and government customers, including the Pentagon, as well as flying cargo and supplies to the International Space Station for NASA.
In 2014, SpaceX and Boeing were awarded a combined $6.8 billion in contracts to fly NASA’s astronauts to the space station. Both companies have suffered a series of setbacks and delays. But under the current timeline, SpaceX said it would fly its first test mission without crews in November, and the first with crews in April of next year. Boeing’s capsule is expected to launch for the first time without crew in late 2018 or early 2019, with a crewed test scheduled for mid-2019.
Gwynne Shotwell, SpaceX’s president and chief operating officer, said she was confident in the SpaceX timeline.
“Whenever we talk about dates we’re always confident and then something pops up,” she said. “Predicting launch dates can make a liar out of the best of us. I hope I am not proven to be a liar on this one.”
The key, Reed said, was developing a spacecraft to meet NASA’s rigorous safety requirements. “We always ask ourselves would you fly on this and more would you put your family on this vehicle?” he said.
As part of Monday’s tour, SpaceX showed off a mock-up of its sleek, gumdrop-shaped capsule. Inside the domelike spacecraft, four cushioned chairs that hugged bodies like car seats were tilted upward toward a wide, electronic touch screen that will show the capsule’s progress toward the International Space Station.
Square buttons at the bottom of the screen have commands in plain English: “deorbit now,” “deorbit next” or simply “break out.”
SpaceX said that the capsule is designed to be flown autonomously, similar to Boeing’s Starliner capsule, and that the command buttons are intended to be used only in emergency situations; they’re covered by a clear plastic door to prevent accidental activation.
Oval-shaped windows dot the sides of the spacecraft, which SpaceX said was designed to seat seven.
SpaceX also showed off the sleek, black-and-white spacesuits the astronauts will wear. The spacesuits are made of leather, bleached Teflon for flame resistance and high-strength Nomex that is intended for use in high temperatures.
Doug Hurley, one of the NASA astronauts assigned to fly on SpaceX’s Dragon spacecraft, said there were a lot of improvements over the old space-shuttle suits he used to wear.
“It’s pretty neat looking too, which was not a requirement but we certainly appreciate it,” he said.