Wall Street reversed earlier losses and rallied today after IBM approved a $15 billion stock buyback, suggesting to investors that there...

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NEW YORK — Wall Street reversed earlier losses and rallied today after IBM approved a $15 billion stock buyback, suggesting to investors that there are still some companies out there with financial muscle.

The Dow Jones industrial average rose 114.70 to 12,684.92, after declining in earlier trading.

Microsoft, one of the 30 Dow stocks, gained 54 cents to close at $28.38 a share. Boeing, also a Dow stock, fell 9 cents to $84.57.

Broader stock indicators also advanced. The Standard & Poor’s 500 index rose 9.49 to 1,381.29, and the Nasdaq composite index rose 17.51 to 2,344.99.

IBM said the buyback will boost its earnings for 2008 past Wall Street’s prior forecasts. Shares of Big Blue vaulted $4.30, or 3.9 percent, to $114.38.

The buyback news followed twoaning. The data reinforced worries that the United States is suffering from stagflation, a state when the economy weakens amid rising costs.

“The market is kind of overcoming negative news, which is potentially a next step toward higher prices,” said Ryan Detrick, senior technical strategist at Schaeffer’s Investment Research. “At least in the short-term, it’s a nice change here.”

Today’s advance extended a rally that began Monday when Standard & Poor’s affirmed the AAA ratings for troubled bond insurers Ambac Financial Group and MBIA. MBIA, which said today it would eliminate its quarterly dividend, was also affirmed by Moody’s Investors Service.

Government bonds rose. The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note, which moves opposite its price, slipped to 3.86 percent from 3.91 percent late Monday. The dollar was mixed against most other major currencies, while gold prices edged higher.

Today’s pair of economic reports was decidedly downbeat.

The Conference Board’s index of consumer confidence plunged in February to 75.0 from a revised 87.3 in January. The reading was the lowest since the index registered 64.8 in February 2003, and came in far below analysts’ average estimate. Though the report is not a perfect predictor of consumer spending, it suggests Americans are watching their budgets.

Meanwhile, the latest wholesale inflation report showed the headline producer price index (PPI) rising by a full 1 percent in January, driven up by higher energy prices and soaring food costs.

The result was a bit below the 1.1 percent advance projected by Thomson/IFR, but core PPI — which excludes food and energy prices — rose 0.4 percent, steeper than the predicted 0.3 percent gain. The data was disconcerting because the Federal Reserve is known to closely monitor core-level inflation in setting monetary policy.

“The market is holding up extraordinarily well given all this negative stuff,” said Scott Fullman, director of investment strategy for I. A. Englander & Co. He said the prospect of more corporate buybacks was a “positive for the market,” but also, “the market is tired of going down.”

Cementing the belief that costs won’t be easing anytime soon was oil’s surge back above $100 a barrel. Light, sweet crude rose $1.65 to $100.88 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange.

Positive news from some retailers helped keep stocks afloat.

Target, the discount store chain, said fourth-quarter profits fell due to poor holiday sales and a quirk in the earnings calendar, but results came in above the average forecast. Target rose $1.64, or 3.1 percent, to $54.89.

Rite Aid also jumped, after an analyst upgraded the pharmacy chain and said a recent stock drop makes its risk and reward profile more favorable. Rite Aid rose 17 cents, or 6.5 percent, to $2.78.

RadioShack rose after the electronics retailer posted a rise in fourth-quarter profit and higher sales than analysts predicted. RadioShack rose $3.30, or 21.5 percent, to $19.13.

In other corporate news, Tenet Healthcare, the hospital operator, said its fourth-quarter losses narrowed sharply thanks to new contracts, higher admissions and cost-cutting. Tenet rose 62 cents, or 14.4 percent, to $4.90.

The Russell 2000 index of smaller companies rose 6.86 to 717.32.

Advancing issues outnumbered decliners by about 3 to 1 on the New York Stock Exchange, where volume came to 1.53 billion shares.

Overseas, Japan’s Nikkei stock average fell 0.7 percent. Britain’s FTSE 100 rose 1.5 percent, Germany’s DAX index rose 1.5 percent, and France’s CAC-40 rose 1.1 percent.