The purchase of engagement rings has come under pressure partly from the shift by millennial shoppers. They’re marrying older, and when they do, they aren’t making the same choices as their predecessors.
A diamond is no longer forever. It’s until you get sick of it, list it for sale online, and buy another one.
Modern expectations for engagement rings have proved more fluid than the future heirlooms sought by earlier generations. Just like virtually every other purchase, diamond rings frequently change hands online, far from a loupe-holding jeweler.
It’s still a shaky time for the diamond industry, but the ring market on eBay has grown 58 percent over the last five years, and digital jewelry consignment has become safer and more popular.
This moment of transition makes it particularly interesting to note what happened Monday to the longtime pioneer in online diamond sales.
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Seattle-based Blue Nile, which began selling diamonds online in 1999 and went public in 2004, canceled its third-quarter earnings call to announce instead an agreement to be acquired by Bain Capital Private Equity and Bow Street. The all-cash deal values the diamond seller at about $500 million, about 34 percent over Blue Nile’s Friday afternoon closing price.
The announcement comes at an uncertain time for the future of engagement rings, a purchase under pressure, in part, from the shift by millennial shoppers.
The 18-to-35 demographic is marrying older than the Gen Xers and baby boomers who cemented the link between diamonds and matrimony. Millennials, famously, have less to spend in their 20s than prior generations did, due to mounting student debt and having entered the job market after the financial crisis.
The average cost of an engagement ring in the U.S. is close to $6,000.
Retailers are understandably concerned about the next generation’s approach to engagements. Diamond Producers Association last year launched an $18 million advertising campaign to persuade younger buyers that a diamond engagement ring isn’t outdated.
Before announcing its privatization, Blue Nile reported an 8.5 percent drop in net sales of engagement rings in the U.S. during the recent quarter, from the same period a year ago.
When they do choose to settle down, today’s brides aren’t making exactly the same choices as their predecessors.
Kieron Hodgson, a commodities and mining analyst at Panmure Gordon & Co., said the traditional diamond engagement ring found at a conventional jeweler has been losing ground to vintage or bespoke alternatives. A ring from a big-name diamond retailer where mass-produced, identical rings line displays loses some luster in this context.
Some customers are looking for colorful gemstones instead of diamonds, Hodgson added.
Competitors have flooded the market to fill this need, displacing Blue Nile’s dominance in the marketplace and helping drag shares down by 18 percent this year.
Part of the problem is that online startups with alternative inventory can piggyback on the good reputation Blue Nile helped build for the diamond e-commerce industry.
Jewelry e-consigner Gleem focuses on estate engagement rings. “We’re seeing millennials want something that no one else has,” Gleem co-founder Casey Sullivan said. “They want something different that they identify with.”
Independent resellers and antique stores have outlets online as well: On eBay, for instance, antique rings made up 28 percent of the engagement ring market over the last three years, and a search of antique rings on craft website Etsy brings up over 33,000 results.
The traditional diamond industry believes younger consumers will eventually become much like their parents. The 2016 Diamond Insight Report from De Beers argued that millennials simply delay when they buy diamonds because they marry later.
In a June report, Bank of America Merrill Lynch estimated that diamond retail sales will grow 2 percent this year, far less than the 7 percent compound annual growth in the last five years.
The De Beers report estimated that millennials spent $26 billion on diamond jewelry (not just engagement rings) across the U.S., China, Japan, and India last year. But Hodgson noted the $26 billion includes a variety of diamond purchases, like bespoke designs, not just big-name retailer diamond rings.
The reason for this, he said, is simple: The generation that doesn’t want to show up to a party wearing the same dress as anyone else also wants to put on a different ring.