The outbreak of the coronavirus has dealt a shock to the global economy with unprecedented speed. Following are developments Monday related to the global economy, the work place and the spread of the virus.


AIRLINES BUFFETTED: Air travel has come to almost a complete standstill and industry executives believe the industry could shrink. The situation continues to worsen.

— Billionaire Warren Buffett said over the weekend that he had unloaded his company’s entire stake in U.S. airlines, believing he was mistaken in his valuation of the industry. Shares of American, Delta and United plunged between 5% and 8% Monday. Southwest slid 6%.

— Frontier Airlines said it will let passengers guarantee an empty middle seat next to them – for a fee starting at $39 a flight. The option will start with flights on Friday and run through Aug. 31. Frontier previously announced that passengers will be required to wear face coverings, also starting Friday.

— China’s airline sector may be seeing some life. Tracking service Flightradar24 said Monday that daily departures from China’s 25 busiest airports in the last week of April topped 5,000 for the first time since late January. However, that’s still only about half their 2020 peak.

— Shareholders of the low-cost carrier Norwegian Air Shuttle approved a plan to rescue the company by swapping debt for equity so that it might access some of the government’s guarantees worth 3 billion kroner ($290 million).


The carrier has already laid off 90% of its workforce.

— The European Union approved 7 billion euros ($7.6 billion) in loans and guarantees that the French state is providing to Air France.

Air France will get 3 billion euros ($3.28 billion) in direct loans from the French state and a 4 billion euro ($4.37 billion) bank loan guaranteed by the state, the airline said in a statement.

FOOD CHAIN: Meat packing plants have been ravaged by the outbreak because people most work in close quarters. While some have begun to look toward normalization, it may be a long road back. It’s an uneven recovery, if it can be called that, across the food industry.

— Retail sales surged for Tyson foods, but it hasn’t made up for sales to the food-service industry, which have fallen off a cliff.

The company posted quarterly earnings Monday, and shares fell 8% as it warned of continued slowdowns.

— U.S. restaurant sales are improving for the second week in a row. Data and consulting firm NPD Group said customer transactions fell 32% from a year ago the week of April 26. That’s better than the 36% decline the prior week. Sit-down restaurants continue to suffer more than fast food, but even transactions at those locations improved slightly. NPD said government stimulus checks likely contributed to the boost in spending.


GOVERNMENTS & CENTRAL BANKS: Countries continue to navigate an economic disruption unprecedented in our time.

— Hong Kong’s economy shrank by 8.9% in the first quarter when compared with a year ago, its worst performance since quarterly reporting began in 1974.

Exports fell 9.7% from a year earlier, the government announced Monday. Exports of services plunged 37.8% and consumer spending declined 10.2%.

— An estimated 1.5 million South Africans had returned to work by Monday, as the country slightly eased lockdown conditions. The mining, manufacturing and business sectors began reopening with up to 30% of their workforce. Additional workers will be added gradually, depending on safety precautions and South Africa’s statistics on the spread and severity of COVID-19 in the country.

— Belgium relaxed some of its lockdown measures Monday. Business-to-business companies can open their offices to employees again, even though remote work is still encouraged. Textile shops selling cloth will be opening too since they are essential if people want to make their own protective masks.

MARKETS: The Dow Jones index has fallen 18% over the past three months and the S&P 500 15%. The Nasdaq has slid 8%. Wall Street is having a difficult time valuing companies because of uncertainty about what comes next. All three indexes have bounced back by double digits over the past 30 days in volatile trading.


— Stock indexes posted modest gains Monday, as the market moves on from its best month in decades.

PRESSED: Among the businesses closed during the pandemic are health clubs. No one is sure how quickly customers will feel safe in confined places where people share surfaces.

— Gold’s Gym, founded in Venice, California, by a former bodybuilder Joe Gold, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. The company said Monday that its 700 gyms worldwide will remain open as it restructures and that it plans to emerge from bankruptcy by August.