The FBI on Tuesday said it is investigating 14 companies for possible fraud or insider-trading violations in connection with loans made...

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WASHINGTON — The FBI on Tuesday said it is investigating 14 companies for possible fraud or insider-trading violations in connection with loans made to risky borrowers, and investments spun off those loans.

Agency officials did not identify the companies under investigation but said the wide-ranging probe, which began in spring 2007, involves companies across the industry, from mortgage lenders to financial firms that bundle home loans into securities sold to investors.

The FBI is working in conjunction with the Securities and Exchange Commission, Neil Power, chief of the FBI’s economic-crimes unit in Washington, said during a briefing with reporters.

The development comes as authorities in New York and Connecticut investigate whether Wall Street banks hid crucial information about high-risk loans bundled into securities that were sold to investors.

Power said federal authorities are looking into the practices of so-called subprime lenders, as well as potential accounting fraud committed by financial firms that hold these loans on their books or securitize them and sell them to other investors.

Referring to certain unnamed bankrupt subprime lenders, Power said there are “some irregularities there that we’re looking into,” including the timing of stock sales by executives. Dozens of subprime lenders have filed for bankruptcy in the past year, most prominently New Century Financial.

Power also said law-enforcement officials are looking at whether homebuilders manipulated financial statements to inflate revenues.

Defaults on subprime loans have risen over the past 12 months and are primarily responsible for the credit crunch that has disrupted global financial markets.

Morgan Stanley, Goldman Sachs and Bear Stearns all disclosed in regulatory filings Tuesday that they are cooperating with requests for information from various, but unspecified, regulatory and government agencies. Officials at the companies declined to comment or could not immediately be reached.

Associated Press reporter Lara Jakes Jordan in Washington and Joe Bel Bruno in New York contributed to this report.