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BRUSSELS — Europe’s resentment of U.S. technology giant Google reached a new noise level Thursday as the European Parliament passed a nonbinding resolution to break up the company.

Although merely symbolic — the resolution carries no legal weight — the move came the day after a separate European body sought to further expand citizens’ “right to be forgotten” privacy protections against Google.

Both moves are also playing out against the backdrop of a long-running investigation by the European authorities of Google, on which the European Union’s new antitrust chief, Margrethe Vestager, is still getting up to speed.

A breakup of Google in Europe will almost certainly not happen, legal experts say. And whether any of the various policy moves afoot will ever significantly curtail the company’s business operations across the region is still too soon to gauge.

But taken together, the level of policymaking activity being devoted to the company signifies the growing antipathy to U.S. technological dominance in the European Union even as its citizens grow ever more reliant on its gadgetry and conveniences. Not since European officials spent years seeking to rein in the powers of an earlier tech titan, Microsoft, has a U.S. company drawn such scrutiny on this side of the Atlantic.

The vote could raise pressure on Vestager to speed a decision on whether to bring formal antitrust charges against Google in an investigation that began in 2010. That inquiry involves Google’s dominant position in Europe’s Internet search business and asks whether the company’s search results favor other Google-related services and hobble competing search advertising platforms.

Among the proponents of tough antitrust action against Google in Europe are major American technology companies like Microsoft and Yelp, as well as powerful German and French publishing groups that have formed a lobbying group called the Open Internet Project.

But even if Vestager finds fault on Google’s part, analysts said, the most likely outcome might be changes in its business practices and even possibly a big fine — as happened in past European investigations with Microsoft as well as another U.S. tech giant, chipmaker Intel.

“Breaking up Google would be unprecedented in all kinds of ways and seems hugely unlikely in absence of massive, proven consumer harm — and it’s very unclear to me whether the commission is going to find that harm,” said Mario Mariniello of Bruegel, a research organization in Brussels.