United Airlines is in advanced talks for a large narrowbody order that would include at least 100 Boeing 737 MAX jets as part of a broader fleet revamp, according to people close to the matter.
The Chicago-based carrier is also speaking with Airbus about purchasing long-haul single-aisle aircraft, according to one person, who asked not to be identified as the discussions are confidential.
United sees an opportunity to upgrade its fleet and is studying several new, fuel-efficient models at a time when Boeing and Airbus are hungry for deals and demand for leisure travel is surging in the U.S., the people said.
Boeing’s portion of the order could include 150 MAXs, two of the people said. United ordered 50 of Airbus’ long-distance A321XLR model in 2019.
The negotiations come as Boeing works to lift sales of the MAX following two fatal crashes and a lengthy global grounding that still exists in some places, including the key growth market of China. A large order from United would be a boost for the U.S. aviation titan as it also tries to shake off the impact of the pandemic on its business.
To attract orders for the MAX, Boeing has been offering some customers steep discounts, reduced upfront payments and other inducements that may not be available once global air traffic returns to more normal levels, one of the people said.
“We do not currently have a deal in place with Boeing or Airbus to purchase new aircraft and do not comment on speculative aircraft orders,” United spokesperson Leslie Scott said. The carrier has turned its attention “away from managing the crisis of the pandemic and toward planning for our bright future,” she said.
A Boeing spokesperson said the company doesn’t comment on customer discussions. An Airbus spokesperson declined to comment, saying any talks with customers would be confidential.
A deal with Boeing would expand on an order for 25 MAX single-aisle jets that United announced in March. The planes could also help United retire its oldest single-aisle Boeing 757s, many of which date from the mid-1990s and burn more fuel than the newer generation jets.
United has 72 of the 757s, including 21 757-300s, a slightly longer version acquired by Continental Airlines from 2001 through 2004, according to Cirium data. United has 33 757s in storage, mostly the 757-200 variant.
The carrier flies the 757s to its domestic hubs and Hawaii, along with some trans-Atlantic routes from the East Coast. United plans to migrate those routes to the coming A321XLR, which hasn’t yet entered service. Deliveries to the airline are set to begin in 2024.
Other large customers like Southwest Airlines, Ryanair Holdings and Alaska Airlines have been stocking up on MAX jets at a time when Boeing is trying to restore confidence in its biggest seller. The manufacturer is looking to clear hundreds of undelivered 737s and 787s from its inventory, while filling delivery slots as it starts to speed up work in its factories.
Southwest said Tuesday it struck a deal to take 34 more of Boeing’s smallest 737 next year, in addition to the 100 MAXs it ordered in March. The all-737 operator now expects to spend about $1.5 billion on aircraft next year, about $800 million more than previously planned, the carrier said in a filing.
A breakthrough in China remains elusive, complicated by a prolonged trade deadlock between the Asian economic giant and the U.S. China was the first country to ground the MAX more than two years ago following a crash in Ethiopia, and it has yet to lift its ban.
Boeing Chief Executive Officer Dave Calhoun said this month that China will account for about a quarter of expected growth in jet sales over the next decade once the pandemic recedes, but the rocky relationship between Washington and Beijing could threaten the comeback of the MAX.
“It’s going to create real issues for us in the next couple of years if we can’t thaw out some of the trade structure,” he said.