Amazon’s self-driving vehicles unit Zoox will start testing autonomous cars in Seattle, bringing the robotaxi maker closer to its parent company and a pool of engineers it sees as key to launching commercially.

Foster City, California-based Zoox will deploy a fleet of Toyota Highlander vehicles retrofitted with its sensor technology and autonomous-driving software. The company hopes Seattle’s climate will help prepare its technology to drive in a wider range of environments. Currently, Zoox is testing vehicles in the comparatively drier climes of Las Vegas, San Francisco and its Bay Area hometown. Zoox will also open an office in Seattle next year.

“Seattle is not a hot spot of autonomous vehicle engineering yet. But it’s absolutely a hotbed of computer scientists in general,” Jesse Levinson, Zoox co-founder and chief technology officer, said in an interview. “Seattle’s weather is also a big reason, to put the Zoox vehicle through inclement weather testing and see how water impacts the sensors.”

A growing number of autonomous-technology startups are expanding their testing outside of the Bay Area, long a locus of activity for the nascent industry. Like Zoox, many are looking to create fleets of robotaxis. General Motors plans to manufacture an autonomous vehicle called the Origin. The Detroit auto giant says it hoped to start charging for rides as soon as next year and aims to reach $50 billion in revenue, Bloomberg reported earlier this month.

Zoox assembles its vehicles at a small production facility in Fremont, California. The bug-eyed machines have no steering wheel or pedals and can carry four passengers, facing one another from two seats.

Currently Zoox is testing only the retrofitted Toyotas on public roads and declined to reveal when its own self-driving vehicle will be deployed in the wild or when it will launch a commercial service.


Amazon announced in June 2020 that it was acquiring Zoox for an undisclosed sum. Levinson said that the e-commerce giant has since been relatively hands-off, echoing its approach with such subsidiaries as video doorbell maker Ring and Whole Foods Market. 

“While we are very independent from Amazon and operate separately, especially with COVID ramping down, we do look forward to spending time with folks up there,” Levinson said.

The company has secured all of the relevant regulatory approvals to test in Seattle and the state of Washington, he said.