Airbus secured a $35 billion jet deal from China during a state visit by President Xi Jinping to the French capital, dealing a blow to Boeing as it grapples with the grounding of its best-selling jet.
The mammoth order consists of 290 A320-series narrowbody planes and 10 A350 wide-bodies, Toulouse-based Airbus said after the transaction was announced in Paris on Monday. The deal’s value is almost double that touted by French President Emmanuel Macron in January 2018 during a trip to Beijing.
The $35 billion figure is based on list prices; when customary discounts are applied, the actual value comes down to about half that, according to estimates by aircraft valuation firm Avitas.
The Airbus coup comes while Boeing’s own 737 MAX narrowbody — the chief global rival to the A320 — has been idled following two fatal crashes in five months. The U.S. plane maker is also struggling with the fallout from a China-U. S. trade war that’s seen sales to the Asian nation dry up, just as Airbus bolsters its position with an offer to expand production facilities in Tianjin.
Airbus shares rose as much as 1.9 percent Tuesday and traded 1.8 percent higher at 116.04 euros as of 9:51 a.m. in Paris. The stock has gained 38 percent this year, compared with a 15 percent advance at Boeing.
China has become the world’s most important aviation market as its fast-growing middle class spurs demand for travel. The country has traditionally sought to keep a balance between the two western plane makers as it seeks to jump start manufacturing on its own soil, but Boeing’s order prospects have been complicated by the trade clash.
“I would see this as part of broader trade discussions,” said Rob Stallard at Vertical Research Partners. “For the Chinese to put tariffs on Boeing aircraft would be nuclear, but you can send messages in other ways. This tells the Americans that you have got to play nice if you want us to reciprocate.”
The deal extends a history of Sino-French cooperation in aerospace, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said in Beijing, adding that China “has provided conditions facilitating the growth of the Airbus company.”
Macron originally put the value of a likely order at $18 billion. A firm order failed to materialize last year despite a second French state visit in June and a delegation of top Airbus executives in September.
The deal announced in Paris will include both Neo — for new engine option — and so-called classic or CEO versions of the A319, A320 and A321, though the majority will be A320neos and A321neos, according to officials. China typically orders planes in large batches and allocates them to airlines later.
The latest A320neo model has a list price of $110.6 million and the A350-900 sells for $317.4 million before discounts.
Airbus’s incoming chief executive officer, Guillaume Faury, said at the news conference that construction of the A320s will take place both in Tianjin and Europe, adding that the deal is “a sign of the confidence” from China. Macron called the transaction “an excellent signal.”
China will need 7,400 new passenger and freighter aircraft in the next two decades, representing almost 20 percent of total global demand, according to Airbus estimates.
The purchase provides a boost for Faury who takes over from Tom Enders in April. Airbus sales have had one of the slowest starts in the past decade, with the plane maker registering 103 cancellations and just four new orders in the first two months.
Separately, China is looking at excluding Boeing’s troubled 737 MAX jet from a list of American exports it would buy as part of a trade deal with the U.S., people familiar with the matter have said.
—With assistance from Haze Fan and Kevin Hamlin. Information about the Avitas estimates reported by Seattle Times staff.