The voting process for the Heisman Trophy.

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To outsiders, the voting process for the Heisman Trophy might seem a little mysterious. So we thought we’d break it down.

For 2009, there were 926 Heisman voters, most of whom are members of the media.

In an attempt to mitigate the potential for regional bias, the Heisman Trophy Trust (which runs the voting) divides the country into six regions. Each is given 145 media votes, for a total of 870. According to the Heisman’s stated voting guidelines, larger states are awarded more votes than smaller states.

Who votes is decided upon by a state representative, who each year selects the voters for that state, which can sometimes vary.

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Each former Heisman Trophy winner is given a vote. And in 1999, a program was put in place allowing for one fan to vote.

The ballots ask for voters to select a first choice, second choice and third choice for the award. The first choice is awarded three points, the second two and the third one.

The ballot asks simply that voters select their choice for the “Most Outstanding” college football player.

This year’s award will be announced on Dec. 11 at the Nokia Theatre in Times Square in New York City. It will again be televised live on ESPN.

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