FIFA will be studying cardiac arrest cases involving soccer players to learn what caused Bolton's Fabrice Muamba to collapse during a match.
FIFA will be studying cardiac arrest cases involving soccer players to learn what caused Bolton’s Fabrice Muamba to collapse during a match.
FIFA’s chief medical officer said the project will be put forward at FIFA’s medical conference on May 23-24 in Budapest, Hungary.
“We have invited all national-team doctors to establish a worldwide database for cases of sudden cardiac arrest,” Dvorak told The Associated Press by telephone. “This will lead to analysis of the risk factors.”
Muamba’s condition is serious but stable in a London hospital, nine days after he collapsed during the first half of an FA Cup match at Tottenham’s White Hart Lane stadium.
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The 23-year-old Muamba’s recovery has been followed across the world, but Dvorak hopes FIFA’s new project will provide medical researchers with important information about lower-profile cases.
“Sometimes we only get (details of) individual cases through the media. When we get the files we can analyze them,” he said.
The FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Center also helped complete a recent study of electrocardiogram testing in African players. Muamba was born in Zaire.
Dvorak said the study of 230 healthy players in Gabon was needed because most data from EKG testing, which looks for electric faults of the heart, is related to people of Caucasian ethnicity.
The variation in data from players of different ethnic backgrounds was discussed at the inaugural FIFA medical conference held October 2009 in Zurich.
FIFA also contributed to a summit of cardiologists in Seattle last month, which was hosted by the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine.
The two-day session focused on how to better interpret readings of EKGs performed on athletes, Dvorak said.
He pointed to the 2003 death of Marc-Vivien Foe, who collapsed while playing for Cameroon against Colombia in a Confederations Cup match in France as a turning point in soccer’s awareness of potential heart problems.
“It was the imperative wake-up call that we have to deal with this situation and do everything to mitigate the risk factor,” he said.
FIFA began insisting on cardiovascular and cardiorespiratory tests for all World Cup players before the 2006 tournament in Germany.
Mandatory testing was introduced ahead of the 2007 Women’s World Cup, and now applies to all FIFA age-group tournaments for men and women.
Dvorak said a defibrillator, which was used on Muamba as he lay on the field, is required at all FIFA-sanctioned matches and should be available at all World Cup qualifying matches.
Each of FIFA’s 208 national members receives funding for medical projects as part of its $250,000 annual FIFA grant, Dvorak said.
FIFA’s medical adviser said he had spoken with Bolton officials throughout Muamba’s ordeal.
“From the very first moment, we are in contact,” Dvorak said. “We wish him all the best, and it’s fantastic that he is recovering.”