Voters have not elected a woman as governor of Alaska in 47 years of statehood, and just a few months ago, before she trounced Gov. Frank Murkowski in the...

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WASILLA, Alaska — Voters have not elected a woman as governor of Alaska in 47 years of statehood, and just a few months ago, before she trounced Gov. Frank Murkowski in the Republican primary, Sarah Palin was hardly known outside this growing suburb of Anchorage.

Now Palin, 42, has a sizable lead in most polls over Democrat Tony Knowles, a former governor who has survived in a conservative state by working closely with the powerful oil industry and cultivating ties across party lines.

Her secret?

“She’s a suburban mom,” said Dan Newman, the pastor of Wasilla Christian Fellowship, one of several evangelical churches here, and a Palin supporter. “It’s almost the opposite of what you’d expect from Alaska.”

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Palin, the former mayor of Wasilla, stands out in a state that has seen few fresh faces in politics. She is untainted by government scandal and unburdened by political debt. She is a conservative Christian who opposes abortion. She runs marathons. She fishes. She hunts.

“We always have a choice,” Palin said in an interview. “We can go backwards and be real negative or we can go forward and be positive.”

Still, political analysts say Palin is not a lock to win.

Knowles has been able to keep the race competitive, in part by questioning whether Palin has the experience to lead a state where voters measure politicians on issues as wide-ranging as energy exploration, aerial wolf hunting and subsistence fishing in the Arctic bush.

Knowles, 63, tries to sell his experience, having served eight years in the governor’s office in Juneau, leaving in 2002 because of term limits. He also casts Palin as provincial.

More specifically, Knowles has suggested that Palin lacks the backbone and skills to negotiate with oil companies to build a new natural-gas pipeline, something they agree is critical for the state economy as oil production declines on the North Slope. About 85 percent of the state’s general revenue comes from taxes on the oil industry, and many people view the new gas pipeline as Alaska’s next natural-resource boom.

Outside agent

Palin is portraying herself as a needed outside agent of change at a time when the FBI is investigating links between Republican leaders in the Legislature and a major player in the oil industry. The tactic worked well in the August primary, with only 19 percent of voters supporting Murkowski’s bid for a second term.

Two of the three members of the state’s congressional delegation, U.S. Sen. Ted Stevens and U.S. Rep. Don Young, have been in office for a total of 71 years. The third, U.S. Sen. Lisa Murkowski, has been in office since 2002 in the seat her father held for 22 years before that.

Palin’s rise to prominence has come in part by turning the spotlight on the failings of her party. She accused one of her fellow members of the Alaska Oil and Gas Conservation Commission of misusing his office to do political work.

Some of the accusations proved true, but Palin was striking close to home. The person she accused was Randy Ruedrich, the chairman of the state Republican Party.

Ruedrich, who says he and the party are actively supporting Palin in the election, has refused her suggestion that he should resign.

“When Ms. Palin becomes governor, she will be a member of my 90-member executive committee,” Ruedrich said in an interview. “I have one vote and she has one vote in that 90-member body.”

Adding to the party tension is the candidacy of Andrew Halcro, who was a Republican during his two terms in the state House of Representatives and is running for governor as an independent. The three candidates have appeared together frequently in forums and debates around the state. While Halcro, 42, trails far behind the others, he receives coverage in the news media, and opinions differ on whether he will draw more voters from Palin or from Knowles.

Focus on the economy

Dreams of a new economic boom in natural-gas development have dominated the race for all three candidates.

Knowles talks confidently about the benefits of squeezing as much as 100 trillion cubic feet of natural-gas deposits from the North Slope through a 48-inch pipeline for decades into the future. He says the project, estimated to cost more than $20 billion, could give the rest of Alaska’s economy time to diversify, a long-sought goal many say was overlooked during the oil rush of the 1970s and 1980s.

Knowles said the gas pipeline, which could take 10 years just to build, will provide money to improve state education. Noting a rise in average temperature in the state, he also said Alaska could position itself as “a research center for climate change and how to deal with it.”

Some economists have said that the state has already increased the tourism and cargo-shipping industries, and they say that a gas pipeline, while a boost for the state, would not have the same kind of impact as the Trans-Alaska oil pipeline.

“I’m not going to say that booms and busts are gone forever, but we’re a little less susceptible now,” said Neal Fried, an economist with the Alaska Department of Labor.

Still, nearly every Alaska resident recently received an annual dividend check from oil production. This year the amount was $1,106.96, and the belief that the state’s natural resources will remain its economic backbone is deeply held, whether the resource was gold a century ago or gas in the future.

The gas pipeline seems to take on particular urgency in an election year, just as it did four years ago when Frank Murkowski, then a senator, returned from Washington. He has worked for more than two years but failed to strike a deal.

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