In a close vote, the Senate rejected a bill to eliminate Washington’s new rule allowing transgender people to use bathrooms and locker rooms consistent with their gender identity.

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OLYMPIA — Urged by lawmakers who said the Legislature must protect civil rights, Washington’s full Senate on Wednesday narrowly rejected a bill that would have repealed a new state rule allowing transgender people to use bathrooms and locker rooms in public buildings consistent with their gender identity.

Three Republicans, the chamber’s majority party, joined many Democrats in rejecting Senate Bill 6443 on a 25-24 vote.

Sen. Doug Ericksen, R-Ferndale and sponsor of the measure, argued during floor debate that the rule, created by the state’s Human Rights Commission, leaves business owners unable to stop men posing as transgender people to sexually assault women in locker rooms.

“Under this rule, practically, what can he do to be able to protect his members that are uncomfortable?” Ericksen said.

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Many Democrats defended the state rule that went into effect Dec. 26. Sen. Cyrus Habib, D-Kirkland, said there is no civil right protecting people from being uncomfortable, but there is “a civil right to be included.”

The worry that people might abuse the commission’s rule is unfounded, added Sen. Pramila Jayapal, D-Seattle.

“There have been no sex offenders that have been posing as transgender people to get into bathrooms,” she said.

Sen. Marko Liias, D-Lynnwood, told reporters after the vote that he was disappointed the issue was debated on the floor if it was likely to fail.

But considering the emotional debate the issue has prompted in the general public, the bill deserved discussion by the whole Senate, said Sen. Michael Baumgartner, a Republican from Spokane.

Baumgartner voted to repeal the state’s rule, and is chair of the Senate’s Commerce and Labor Committee where hearings on Ericksen’s bill filled committee rooms and hallways with people.

“I certainly was disappointed in the rule because it definitely does put people at risk,” Baumgartner said, adding that it shouldn’t be up to a commission to decide one way or another on the issue.

In the House, efforts to repeal the rule have not succeeded. House Bill 2782 that would ban people from entering gender-segregated bathrooms that don’t align with their male or female “anatomy,” or “DNA,” as defined by the bill, won’t receive a hearing in the House Judiciary Committee led by chairwoman Rep. Laurie Jinkins, D-Tacoma.

Baumgartner said without a change in state leadership, there isn’t a next step in repealing the commission’s rule.

Sharon Ortiz, the director of the Human Rights Commission, has said the new rule was a clarification of the state’s existing anti-discrimination law that added transgender people as a protected class in 2006. The commission was created by the Legislature and is responsible for administering and enforcing that law.