SAN PEDRO SULA, Honduras — The first lady and her entourage were waiting. So were politicians, camera crews and aid workers in blue vests, ready to hand out suckers and balloons to toddlers pulled along by their frazzled mothers.
A chartered flight that landed here Monday was the first carrying only mothers and children deported by the United States as it tries to stem a wave of migration from Central America that has overwhelmed U.S. border officials. U.S. officials said there would be many more.
Critics said government inaction was largely responsible, and that the welcome in San Pedro Sula, a city sometimes called the murder capital of the world, was mostly a show. Despite the government’s promise of job leads, a $500 stipend, psychological counseling and schooling, returning mother Angelica Galvez said she wasn’t expecting much.
“They haven’t helped me before,” said Galvez, 31, who was traveling with her 6-year-old daughter, Abigail. “Why should I believe them now?”
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Galvez and her daughter were among the 38 Hondurans on the flight, who had been held at a U.S. detention center in Artesia, N.M. Forty people — 18 mothers, 13 girls and nine boys — had been scheduled to be on the flight, but two became ill and didn’t travel.
U.S. officials said the flight reflected their determination to stem the tide of migration. The number of women and children arriving in the United States from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras has skyrocketed in recent months, with more than 57,000 people seeking permission to remain.
U.S. officials have long been sending back adults and some children; Monday’s flight was the first to carry only mothers and children. Many of those who have headed north in recent months said that although poverty and violence pushed them to act, they had moved now because they heard that there was a new U.S. policy that made it easier for children or single women with at least one child to remain in the country.
In fact, U.S. law establishing a full legal review applies only to unaccompanied minors. But when single mothers started appearing with their children, border officials had no place to house them and released many with a “notice to appear” later.
Honduras first lady Ana Garcia de Hernandez, who was at the processing center when the group arrived, has been at the forefront of the crisis, spearheading the new governmental programs that she says are aimed at improving the lives of those who are sent back and giving others a reason to stay.
“They are very sad, of course,” she said of the women who arrived back in Honduras on Monday. “But we want to give them opportunities.”
At the processing center, women and children received food, medical screenings and money. Officials kept a close watch on them, cordoning them off and away from media as they boarded yet another bus for stops at a child-welfare office, shelter and bus terminal.
Galvez, a single mother, said she left Honduras because she couldn’t find a job.
Despite all the attention they received upon their arrival, Galvez said she didn’t even receive enough money at the processing center to get her all the way home to La Ceiba — about a three-hour drive northeast of San Pedro Sula. Instead, she planned to stay the night with a family member in San Pedro Sula.
She and her daughter started their trek north May 27 after family members told her there was a new U.S. law that gave people like her permission to enter the country. She walked, took a series of buses and paid criminals about $25 to ride with her daughter on top of the infamous northbound freight train known as “La Bestia,” or “the Beast.”
She had no intentions of sneaking into the United States, instead giving herself up to Border Patrol officials near McAllen, Texas, she said. She never made it to her brother’s home in Dallas.
San Pedro Sula is the second-largest city in a country with the highest homicide rate in the world. Some of the city’s roughest neighborhoods resemble tropical ghost towns after scores of Hondurans fled their homes and abandoned their houses because of the violence at the hands of two of the country’s most notorious gangs — Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18.
So far this year in San Pedro Sula, there were 594 homicides in the region in and around the city, according to the city’s morgue statistics. Last year, there were 778 homicides.
Hugo Ramon Maldonado, vice president for the Committee for the Protection of Human Rights in Honduras, estimates that 80 percent of the people emigrating from Honduras are fleeing criminality or violence.
“What I believe they are doing now is just making a political show with our returned migrants,” Maldonado said.