With Donald Trump’s nomination of Steven Mnuchin, a former Goldman Sachs Goldman trader turned hedge-fund manager and Hollywood financier, to be Treasury secretary, a new economic leadership is taking shape in Washington.
In a campaign commercial that ran just before the election, Donald Trump’s voice boomed over a series of Wall Street images. He described “a global power structure that is responsible for the economic decisions that have robbed our working class, stripped our country of its wealth, and put that money into the pockets of a handful of large corporations.”
Pictures of the New York Stock Exchange, hedge-fund billionaire George Soros and the chief executive of the investment bank Goldman Sachs flashed across the screen.
Now Trump has named a former Goldman executive and co-investor with Soros to spearhead his economic policy. With Wednesday’s nomination of Steven Mnuchin, a Goldman trader turned hedge-fund manager and Hollywood financier, to be Treasury secretary, a new economic leadership is taking shape in Washington.
Mnuchin will join Wilbur Ross, a billionaire investor in distressed assets, who has been chosen to run the Commerce Department, and Todd Ricketts, owner of the Chicago Cubs, who has been picked to be deputy commerce secretary.
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That two investors — Mnuchin and Ross — will occupy two major economic positions in the new administration is the most powerful signal yet that Trump plans to emphasize policies friendly to Wall Street, such as tax cuts and a relaxation of regulation, in the early days of his administration.
While that approach has been cheered by investors (the stocks of Bank of America, Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley have been on a tear since the election), it stands in contrast to the populist campaign that Trump ran.
Anthony Scaramucci, a hedge-fund executive and member of the Trump transition team, insisted Wednesday that appointing wealthy investors did not contradict the campaign’s populist message.
“The working-class people of the United States, they need a break,” Scaramucci said. “And we need to switch them from going from the working class into the working poor into what I call the aspirational working class, which my dad was a member of.”
Mnuchin, 53, and Ross, 79, are familiar with buying distressed properties and selling for a profit. But they are political neophytes with scant experience in managing large organizations. They will oversee two government agencies that together employ about 130,000 people around the world.
In the case of Mnuchin at Treasury, his experience as a principal investor who made large sums of money through high-risk, high-return wagers suggests he will look critically at the thicket of regulations that now constrain the risk-taking activities of investment banks.
That could mean a reassessment of what has come to be known as the Volcker Rule, part of the Dodd-Frank financial overhaul that followed the 2008 financial crisis. The rule forbids banks to make certain speculative investments with their own capital.
“I would say the No. 1 problem with the Volker Rule is it’s too complicated and people don’t know how to interpret it,” Mnuchin said in an interview with CNBC on Wednesday. “So we’re going to look at what to do with it, as we are with all of Dodd-Frank. The No. 1 priority is going to be to make sure that banks lend.”
In the interview, Mnuchin also said he would look to cutting corporate tax rates as a way to increase economic growth. And he said the wealthy would not see a big tax cut.
There is a Washington tradition of presidents calling on a Goldman Sachs luminary to take the reins of the economy, including the Democrat Robert Rubin in 1995 and Henry Paulson, a Republican, in 2006.
While there is little doubt that Mnuchin can speak the language of Wall Street, he has had little experience running large, complex bureaucracies. Rubin and Paulson had ascended to the top at Goldman, and had many years of experience managing people and organizations under their belt.
Mnuchin did assume a leading role in the restructuring and reinventing of IndyMac, now known as OneWest, a California mortgage giant that collapsed in 2008. He and partners acquired the firm and later made billions.
After he moved from New York to the West Coast, Mnuchin was targeted by protesters who claimed that the bank was too quick to foreclose on struggling homeowners. Last year the bank was sold to the CIT Group, a small-business lender run at the time by another Goldman Sachs alumnus, John Thain.
In a statement announcing his economic appointments, Trump highlighted the deal. “He purchased IndyMac Bank for $1.6 billion and ran it very professionally, selling it for $3.4 billion plus a return of capital,” he said of Mnuchin. “That’s the kind of people I want in my administration representing our country.”
Hollywood has been another occupation for Mnuchin.
In 2006, he and a partner, Chip Seelig, struck a deal through their company Dune Entertainment to invest $325 million in 28 movies produced by 20th Century Fox. It was a successful partnership; Fox delivered hits such as “Avatar,” which took in $2.8 billion worldwide in 2009.
After breaking with Seelig in 2012, Mnuchin teamed up with a company called RatPac, owned by the rowdy filmmaker Brett Ratner and the Australian billionaire James Packer. The three men formed a vehicle to invest $450 million in an extensive array of Warner Bros. movies. Some have been major hits, like “Gravity,” which took in $723.2 million. But there have also been money losers, including “Pan” and “In the Heart of the Sea.”