TOKYO — Showing solidarity with Japan, President Obama affirmed Thursday that the U.S. would be obligated to defend Japan in a confrontation with China over a set of disputed islands, but urged all sides to resolve the long-running dispute peacefully.
Wading cautiously into a diplomatic minefield, Obama insisted the U.S. takes no position on whether the islands in the East China Sea are ultimately in the dominion of China or Japan. But he noted that historically, Japan has administered the islands, triggering America’s NATO obligations to defend its ally Japan should tensions escalate militarily.
“We do not believe that they should be subject to change unilaterally,” Obama said at a news conference with Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. “What is a consistent part of the alliance is that the treaty covers all territories administered by Japan.”
The dispute over the islands, called Senkaku by Japan and Diaoyu by China, has badly strained relations between the two Asian powers. Although Obama has sought to avoid getting dragged into territorial disputes an ocean away, Japan and other U.S. allies see the disputes through the broader lens of China’s growing influence in Asia, where Obama arrived Wednesday at the start of a four-nation, eight-day tour.
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China is not on Obama’s itinerary, but concerns about the Asian powerhouse are trailing the president nonetheless. China is watching closely for signs that U.S. is seeking to limit China’s rise, while smaller nations are looking to Obama for affirmations that his vaunted push to increase U.S. influence in Asia hasn’t petered out.
Obama’s advisers insist that the trip — and the administration’s broader Asia policy — is not designed to counter China’s growing power, and they say the president is not asking Asian nations to choose between allegiance to the U.S. or China.
“We want to continue to encourage the peaceful rise of China,” Obama said.
Seeking to inject fresh urgency into trade talks, Obama said the time is now to resolve issues hindering completion of the Trans-Pacific Partnership. The U.S. has been leading the 12-nation negotiations, but an end-of-2013 deadline was missed and there are few signs of progress toward resolving conflicts with Japan over tariffs and access to Japan’s auto market.
At the same time, as Obama pressed his case in Tokyo, he was unable to convey the full backing of Congress, which would have to ratify any such pact. Lawmakers, including many of Obama’s Democratic allies, have thus far refused to give Obama the fast-track authority needed to ensure an up-or-down vote on the final agreement.
“Abe’s got to deal with his politics, I’ve got to deal with mine,” Obama said.
On the island dispute, Obama encouraged the parties to work through the issue “through dialogue” and urged both sides to “keep the rhetoric low.” He said the U.S. commitment to come to Japan’s defense if necessary is nothing new.
“The treaty between the U.S. and Japan preceded my birth, so obviously this isn’t the red line that I’m drawing,” the president said.
China’s government has said China has “indisputable sovereignty” over the islands and that “the so-called Japan-U.S. alliance” should not harm China’s territorial rights.
Abe said he and Obama agreed to cooperate on engagement with China, along with other topics, including the impact of the U.S. military presence in Okinawa. “The Japan-US alliance is more robust than ever before,” Abe said through a translator.
Addressing another source of tension in the region, Obama said he’s not optimistic North Korea will change its behavior in the near future. But he said he’s confident that by working with Japan, South Korea and others — especially China — the U.S. can apply more pressure so that “at some juncture they end up taking a different course.”
Underscoring his concerns about North Korea’s behavior, Obama met Thursday with relatives of Japanese citizens who administration officials said were abducted by North Korea. Obama recommitted to working with Japan to address the North’s “deplorable treatment of its own people,” the White House said.
Obama’s Asia swing is aimed at reaffirming his commitment to the region even as the crisis in Ukraine demands U.S. attention and resources elsewhere. The ominous standoff between Ukraine and Russia threatened to overshadow the trip as the president weighs whether to levy new economic sanctions on Russia.
The president’s stops in Japan, South Korea, Malaysia and the Philippines serve as something of a do-over after he canceled a visit to Asia last fall because of the U.S. government shutdown. The cancellation provided fresh fodder for those in the region who worry that the administration’s much-hyped pivot to Asia is continually taking a back seat to other foreign and domestic priorities.
Obama began his day with a call on Emperor Akihito at the Imperial Palace, a lush, parklike complex surrounded by modern skyscrapers where he was greeted by a military honor guard and children holding U.S. and Japanese flags. After taking in the scene, the president, emperor and empress walked along a maze of red carpet into the palace for a private meeting, with U.S. Ambassador Caroline Kennedy and other aides trailing behind.
The president pointed out that the last time he and the emperor met, Obama did not have any gray hairs. “You have a very hard job,” the emperor replied.