KABUL, Afghanistan — The luxury hotel was considered one of the safest sites in the Afghan capital, Kabul. Yet four gunmen walked in, proceeded to the restaurant and pulled out pistols hidden in their shoes. They killed nine people, including a Vancouver, B.C., aid worker, a journalist for a French news agency, his wife and two children who were shot in the head.
One child survived but was seriously wounded.
The Taliban boasted that the assault late Thursday shows they can strike anywhere, and Afghan officials issued a string of conflicting statements as they scrambled to explain how the attackers penetrated the Serena Hotel’s tight security.
It was a major embarrassment to government security forces less than two weeks before national elections and came on the heels of an uptick in bombings and shootings against foreigners in the capital, something that had been relatively rare. A Swedish journalist was shot on the street this month, and a Lebanese restaurant popular with foreigners was attacked by a suicide bomber and gunmen in January.
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The latest attack was particularly brazen because it was considered one of the best-protected sites for civilians in Kabul. Sheltered behind a nondescript wall, entrants to the $350-a-night hotel must pass through a security room at the gate where they are patted down and go through a metal detector as bags are put through an X-ray machine and sometimes searched.
The attackers hid their small pistols and ammunition in their shoes and socks, Interior Ministry spokesman Sediq Sediqqi said, but he could not say how the weapons went undetected. The hotel security has been known in the past not always to act when the metal detector beeps.
At the time of the attack, Café Zarnegar, one of the main restaurants, was packed with foreigners and Afghans celebrating the eve of the Persian New Year, Nowruz. The hotel is popular among aid workers, journalists, contractors and diplomats.
The dead included five Afghans, two Canadians, an American and a Paraguayan. Six people were wounded, including a child, a foreigner, two policemen, a hotel guard, and an Afghan lawmaker.
Kimberley Motley, an American lawyer who has worked in Afghanistan for many years, was taking a bath in her second-floor room when the shots started about 9:15 p.m. Unaware that the staff and many guests had taken refuge in a basement safe room, she got out of the tub, barricaded herself in a corner of the bedroom and tried to stay as quiet as possible while gunfire rattled downstairs for hours.
After the shooting stopped about midnight, she went to the lobby, which was packed with security forces and other confused guests who were smoking as hotel staff handed out water and slices of cake.
“I saw them bring out four bodies. They weren’t covered,” she said Friday in a telephone interview.
“There was a trail of blood from the restaurant to the front door,” she said. The restaurant was ravaged. “It was blood and bullet holes,” she added.
Authorities said two gunmen went to the restaurant and killed seven victims by shooting them in the head. Two other victims were found in the halls, Sediqqi said, displaying photos of the small pistols and ammunition the attackers used and their shoes.
Police killed all four attackers — who appeared to be about 18 years old — after a three-hour standoff.
Among the dead was Sardar Ahmad, 40, a respected Afghan journalist with the French news agency Agence France-Presse (AFP). His wife and two of their children also were killed, and the agency said their 1-year-old son was badly wounded and hospitalized. All were shot in the restaurant.
Ahmad also ran the Kabul Pressistan media company and joined AFP in 2003 to become the agency’s senior reporter in Kabul.
A U.S. official confirmed that an American citizen was killed in the attack. The official spoke on condition of anonymity because the death had not been made public.
One of the Canadians who died was identified as Roshan Thomas, of Vancouver, B.C., who with her family had dedicated years to helping Afghan children. Canadian Sen. Mobina Jaffer said Thomas, an optometrist, and her husband, an ophthalmologist, built a school in Afghanistan, provided eye care and played frequent host to girls in need of a helping hand. Thomas died months before welcoming her first grandchild to the world, Jaffer said. She is survived by her husband and three adult children.
The second Canadian was Zeenab Kassam, 37, of Calgary, a nurse who had spent the last year and a half volunteering as an English teacher at a school funded by the Aga Khan Foundation.
Luis María Duarte, 39, a former Paraguayan diplomat and Mideast scholar who was in Kabul to be an election observer, also died in the attack. Duarte was working for the U.S.-based National Democratic Institute.
“While events like this highlight the security challenges that remain in parts of Afghanistan, it only strengthens our resolve to combat the scourge of terrorism in all its forms,” Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister John Baird said in a statement.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the U.N. Security Council condemned the attack.
Members of the Security Council reiterated their serious concern at the threats posed by the Taliban and other militants and “underlined the need to bring perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of these reprehensible acts of terrorism to justice,” according to a statement.
The Taliban have vowed to use violence to disrupt next month’s presidential election, which promises to result in the first democratic transfer of power since the 2001 U.S.-led invasion.