Tora prison, a sprawling detention complex on the outskirts of Cairo, has become a symbol of the abrupt reversal of fortune that Egypt's political elite has suffered in the aftermath of President Hosni Mubarak's ouster.
CAIRO, Egypt — Tora prison, a sprawling detention complex on the outskirts of Cairo, has become a symbol of the abrupt reversal of fortune that Egypt’s political elite has suffered in the aftermath of President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster.
Tora cellblocks now house Mubarak’s prime minister, Ahmed Nazif; his longtime chief of staff, Zakariya Azmi; his interior minister, Habib el-Adly; the chairman of his National Democratic Party (NDP), Safwat el-Sherif; his friend and longtime supporter, steel tycoon Ahmed Ezz; and former parliament speaker Fathi Surour.
As of Wednesday, Mubarak’s two sons, Gamal, his one-time heir apparent, and Alaa, a businessman, were there. The two received “four blankets, two mattresses and four white inmate uniforms” as they began a 15-day stay for questioning on corruption accusations, according to the state-backed Ahram newspaper.
With Mubarak also detained for questioning in a military hospital, Egypt’s stop-and-go revolution seemed once again back on, driven by the demands of protesters who gathered in huge numbers over the weekend to pressure Egypt’s military rulers on the issue.
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The military’s announcement of Mubarak’s detention came as protesters were planning a rally in Sharm el-Sheikh, a Red Sea resort popular with foreign tourists. The former first family has lived in seclusion there since the fall of the government two months ago.
“The detention of Mubarak and both his sons, investigating them and having them submit to questioning, is the first step toward rebuilding confidence between the military council and the people,” said Shaimaa Hamdi, 23, a pro-democracy activist who belongs to a group called Youth Movement for Justice and Freedom.
The elder Mubarak, 82, isn’t expected to join the familiar faces in Tora; the former president suffered a mild heart attack this week, so his 15-day detention will be served at a military hospital, state media reported. He and his family are banned from travel, and their assets are frozen.
The treatment of the former president is unprecedented for a former Arab ruler, but Egyptians say they have little sympathy for an autocrat who kept a three-decade stranglehold on the country of 80 million people. Noting Mubarak’s poor health, many Egyptians worried he could die or become incapacitated without having to answer publicly for his suspected crimes.
“I want to ask Mubarak a question in court,” said Makram Aziz, 50, a security guard. “I want to ask him where he was when all those businessmen were stealing the country’s resources and using their powers and connections. Where was he when the people were being oppressed?”
The Egyptian public is captivated by stories of their erstwhile rulers languishing in the same prison where the government had kept scores of Islamists, political dissidents and other anti-government figures.
No detail is too small for Egyptian reporters to ferret out: the Mubarak brothers refused breakfast Wednesday and requested bottled water from the prison cafeteria, one newspaper reported. They had to turn in their cellphones and civilian clothes. When they climbed out of the prison van at Tora, the Ahram newspaper reported, the brothers “were met with a number of angry comments from bystanders.”
While Tora isn’t Egypt’s worst prison, conditions there are rough, prisoner-rights advocates said. Magda Boutros, who studies prisons for the Egyptian Initiative for Personal Rights, said Tora has several wings and, like other prisons, faced overcrowding and a lack of hygiene services.
Few expect the Mubaraks and their associates to face the typically harsh Egyptian prison experience, however.
“The part of Tora where the VIPs go is where the political prisoners were usually sent. It’s the most comfortable part of the prison,” Boutros said. “I wouldn’t be too worried.”
Some questioned whether the brothers really were in prison, wondering whether if the news was propaganda from military rulers whose popular support is fading fast.
“I only believe what I see, and all I see now are fake trials without a single sentence, so I’m waiting for real change,” said Salah Eddin Badr, 54, a shopkeeper who added:
“Plus, why are ordinary people being put in military court and sentenced in one day while others from the corrupt regime are being investigated for weeks and months while they enjoy their lives in palaces or prison?”
McClatchy Newspapers correspondent Mohannad Sabry contributed to this report.