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LOS ANGELES — Last summer, more than 200,000 people applied for a one-way ticket to Mars. This week, 1,058 were selected to move on to the next round.

The applications — all in video form — were not sent to NASA or another national space agency, but to a nonprofit organization called Mars One. Based in the Netherlands, Mars One has the unusual goal of turning the colonization of Mars into a reality show with a global audience.

The call for applicants to move to Mars went out in April. Anyone older than 18 was invited to send in a video explaining why he or she wanted to go to Mars, and how he or she felt about never returning to Earth. Applicants were also asked to describe their sense of humor.

In this first narrowing down of future Mars colonizers, the Mars One team focused on choosing people who were physically and mentally capable of becoming human ambassadors to Mars, said Bas Landsorp, co-founder of Mars One.

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Those who were taking the mission less seriously were excluded.

The pool of selected applicants includes 472 women and 586 men. More than half of them are younger than 35, but 26 are older than 56. The oldest applicant to move on to the next round is 81.

The contenders come from 107 countries. The United States is the most heavily represented, with 297 applicants moving on to round two. Canada had the second biggest showing, with 75 applicants.

In the next two years, the hopefuls will continue to be whittled down as they are put through a series of physical and emotional tests, and “rigorous simulations,” said Norbert Kraft, chief medical officer for Mars One.

What those tests will consist of and when they will occur have not been determined.

In the next four years, Mars One wants to get the applicant group down to about 40. Those selected will train in groups for seven years. And if everything goes according to plan, at that time a global audience will vote on which team will go to Mars in 2025.

The organization is also hoping to send a lander to Mars in 2018, and has contracted with Lockheed Martin to develop a mission-concept study.

It is unclear how Mars One will pay for its plans, which it estimates will cost $6 billion.

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