PLANO, Texas — She had no clue what the word “abuse” meant when she came to the U.S. two years ago and suddenly became a target of her new husband’s angry alcoholism.
A South Asian Muslim in her early 40s with dark skin and piercing olive eyes, she’s still shaken by the experience, recalling the horror into which she’d unwittingly stepped.
“All I knew was that…” She paused, eyes wet with tears in a quiet meeting room in Plano. “I was getting hit and getting blamed for everything.”
Eventually she would find solace in Peaceful Oasis, a shelter for Muslim women fleeing domestic violence. Though the North Texas shelter accepts clients of all faiths, it’s focused on the needs of Muslim women who want to feel comfortable while following Islamic customs.
“We try to be as helpful and supportive as we can,” said Hind Jarrah, executive director of the Plano-based Texas Muslim Women’s Foundation, which opened Peaceful Oasis in late 2012. “Our aim is for them to stand on their own.”
When foundation leaders asked women in the community what issues needed attention, domestic violence loomed large. More than that, women wanted a shelter with a culturally specific approach.
“When they went to mainstream shelters,” Jarrah said, “some said it was as if their identity had been stolen. They preferred to go back to their abusive husbands.”
Traditional shelters, they said, posed language barriers and were ill-equipped to meet needs such as a diet free of the pork products that Islam forbids, or a space in which to pray the five times per day, which Islam calls for.
“They worried about whether it would be allowed, how it would appear,” Jarrah said. “Would it be accepted?”
That’s how Peaceful Oasis came to be. About 80 percent of the shelter’s clients are Muslim, many of them Asian or Middle Eastern immigrants. Others come from North Texas or even other U.S. states.
The woman did not want her name, exact age or native country divulged for fear of retribution within a community that still places a stigma upon speaking publicly about such things.
It wasn’t until the night he assaulted her in public that others found cause to intervene. Police were called.
The woman went back to her native country, but despite her fears, she returned to the U.S. for her husband’s court proceeding. With nowhere to stay, police connected her with Peaceful Oasis so she wouldn’t have to go back to him.
“The only reason I’m alive,” she said, “is because I didn’t go back.”
Even now, she can barely talk about it. Only with the shelter’s help, she said, has she made it this far, to a life with a grocery store job and foundation-sponsored yoga sessions that have helped her find the peace eluding her sleepless nights.
She celebrated her birthday at the shelter. “We had cake,” she said, managing a smile through bittersweet tears.
“Staying here has made me feel that — maybe I can survive,” she said. “I didn’t know something like this existed in the world. I felt safe from the first day I walked in. I have received more respect here than I did in my entire marriage.”
Jarrah worked at getting religious leaders of all faiths to recognize the problem of domestic violence, since they’re often the people approached by abused women finally pushed to seek help.
“I’m very proud of this effort,” said Imam Moujahed Bakhach of the Muslim-based Mediation Institute of North Texas. “Some people, they laughed at her. They said, ‘What are you talking about? It does not exist.’ ”
Part of the problem is the stigma attached to airing dirty laundry and risking negative perceptions within a population still feeling burned by the harsh spotlight cast upon it in the wake of 9/11.
Religious beliefs, too, play a part. Women are reluctant to consider divorce. They think to themselves: Is this part of being a wife? Is it something God has decided for me? Do I need to pray harder? Am I bringing it on myself?
“Many clients think this is God’s destiny for them,” Jarrah said.
“Faith issues have often created difficulty for victims of domestic violence,” said Rita Smith, executive director of the Denver-based National Council Against Domestic Violence. “I have worked in this field since 1981, and victims of every faith have struggled with being abused, the decision to leave the abuser and how to talk about the violence with their children.”
Peaceful Oasis can house up to 23 people at the shelter at any one time, including 16 women and seven children. Clients come from places like Lebanon, Jordan, Pakistan, India, Somalia, Eritrea and the Palestinian territories.
When the shelter opened in December 2012, agency leaders estimated it would serve 64 people the next year. The actual count was 122.
In addition to on-site staff, the foundation employs five case managers and two lawyers to help with family and immigration issues. In all, communication is offered in 15 languages, including Arabic, Kurdish and Urdu.
The shelter provides halal foods and prayer space for those who wish. Meal times are adjusted for Ramadan, the holy time of the year when Muslims fast between dawn and sunset.
When another shelter client came to the U.S. from the Kurdish region of Iraq in 1997, the challenges she faced as a transplanted refugee became the means her abusive husband used to imprison her.
The woman, who similarly did not want her name for fear of retribution, said she knew no one. She had no job and spoke minimal English. She couldn’t drive.
Her husband stopped paying the bills and began an affair with another woman.
“He basically abandoned her with five kids and no means of support,” said case manager Durdana Ahmed of the Muslim women’s foundation. “That basically affected her whole future.”
The woman’s upbringing had taught her to defer to her husband’s ways and not to talk about what were considered private family matters.
But after a beating that put her in the hospital for nine days, she was referred to Peaceful Oasis, where she could communicate in her native language.
“They really help you,” she said. “They work from the heart.”
Her divorce finalized, she’s working now, with a job providing home care. A neighbor taught her how to drive, and with the help of an ESL class, she’s earned U.S. citizenship.