Tips on how to turn muddy paths and a lawn with ankle-twister holes into a garden for both you and the dog.

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Is your yard going to the dogs?

Muddy lawns and ankle-twisting craters are just two of the problems that frustrate pet owners each spring. But with some simple design steps, you can reclaim your backyard.

Begin by thinking about your dog’s specific behavior and needs. Most dogs will take the shortest route between two points, creating a muddy trail in the yard and along property lines.

Other dogs are canine police, patrolling your yard for possible human or animal intruders. Rushing to the scene of the crime, they tear up grass and anything else in their path.

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Owners may try to eliminate the mess by confining pets to a certain area of the yard. If that doesn’t seem practical or attractive, “Try putting down prefab pavers or creating a flagstone path in high traffic areas,” says Chris Lambton, star of HGTV’s “Going Yard.”

“A well-designed path will make your yard look more like a garden than a dog park.”

Another option is pea stone gravel.

“Gravel is a good solution because it will stay down and not get muddy,” says Marty Rogers, a certified master dog trainer from Yorktown, N.Y. “It’s so small that most dogs find it unsatisfying to dig or eat. Best of all, it soaks up urine and can be quickly washed down with a hose.”

Rogers also recommends certain ground covers for lawn problems. “Pachysandra works really well for getting rid of water in muddy areas,” he says. “It stands up to urination and grows like a weed.”

You can try putting down bales of hay around the perimeter of your property. Then rake leaves up against the edge of your yard to minimize mud problems.

But what if dog owners still crave a real lawn?

“Try Bermuda grass, rye grass or Kentucky Blue grass,” advises Lambton. “They are hardier varieties, but don’t count on having a decent lawn if your dog is running or urinating on it.”

Or there’s synthetic turf.

“There’s no mowing, seeding or weeding,” says Mike Lehrer, owner of Home Green Advantage in Armonk, N.Y. “Dogs enjoy a clean, puddle-free environment.”

Lehrer has been installing the turf in doggy day-care centers and at residential properties for over 15 years, but it’s a relatively pricey option, at about $9 to $16 per square foot.

Meanwhile, work with your dog to improve his behavior, says Rogers. Dogs who understand what you want are less likely to tear up your grass or ruin your heirloom roses.

Some suggestions for common dog problems:

Digging: Most dogs can be trained to dig in a particular area — away from your prized plants or lawn.

Dogs dig for several reasons including boredom and to create a place to lay. Providing exercise and a place to lay may help ease the urge to dig. More tips and techniques for redirecting the digging behavior can be found online and in training books.

Rogers suggests another option: is An electronic outdoor containment system. When your dog starts to wander into a “restricted” area, he’ll receive a mild correction that will soon teach him to stay away. You might achieve the same goal with a vibrating electronic collar.

Dog poop: If you want to designate a particular “bathroom spot” in your yard, leash your dog and take him to that same place every time, Rogers says. Create a few words that he will soon associate with that spot, like, “Go potty” or “Do your business.” Stay with him until he goes, and then praise him lavishly.

Most important, “enjoy your dog, but remember to mentally and physically exhaust him,” says Rogers. “Give him two or three short obedience training sessions every day. A tired dog isn’t going to destroy your lawn. All he’ll want to do is nap.”

You may feel the same way.

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