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4 to 6 servings

3 pounds lamb shoulder, trimmed of exterior fat, cut in 2-inch chunks

Salt and pepper

2 teaspoons fennel seed, crushed in a mortar or spice mill

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2 tablespoons olive oil, more as needed

2 medium onions, diced, about 2 cups

4 garlic cloves, roughly chopped

1 bay leaf

A few sprigs fresh thyme

1 tablespoon tomato paste

2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

1 cup white wine

4 cups chicken or vegetable broth (see note)

3 pounds fava beans in the pod, or use

1½ cups frozen baby lima beans or edamame, defrosted

1 medium fennel bulb, trimmed and cut into 1-inch squares (reserve the fronds for garnish)

½ pound baby carrots, about 12, trimmed and peeled

2 pounds baby turnips, trimmed and halved or quartered

2 tablespoons butter

1 bunch scallions, cut in 2-inch lengths

1 teaspoon lemon zest

2 tablespoons parsley

1. Season lamb chunks generously with salt and pepper. Sprinkle with fennel seed and rub to distribute. Set aside for 30 minutes (or refrigerate for up to several hours, or overnight).

2. Heat oven to 350 degrees. Put 2 tablespoons oil into a Dutch oven or similar heavy pot over medium-high heat. When hot, add lamb and brown on all sides, until meat is well caramelized, about 10 minutes. Work in batches if necessary to avoid crowding pan.

3. Remove lamb, turn heat to medium and add onions (and a little oil if necessary) and cook, stirring, until softened and lightly colored, five to eight minutes. Add garlic, bay leaf and thyme and cook for one minute, then stir in tomato paste. Sprinkle with flour and cook two minutes more. Add white wine and whisk well as mixture thickens. Whisk in broth and bring to a brisk simmer.

4. Return meat to pot. Cover pot and bake for about 1 hour, 15 minutes, until meat is tender when probed. Taste sauce and adjust seasoning. Keep warm, or cool to room temperature and refrigerate overnight before proceeding with vegetables (which should be prepared right before serving).

5. Prepare the vegetables: Remove fava beans from pod. Blanch two minutes in boiling water, then cool in ice water. Peel and discard outer gray skin from each bean. You should have about 1½ cups. Set aside. (If using frozen lima beans or edamame, cook the thawed beans for three to four minutes in salted boiling water.)

6. Bring a medium pot of fresh water to a boil and salt well. Add fennel and simmer until tender, about two minutes. Remove with spider and rinse with cold water to refresh. In the same pot, cook carrots until tender, about four minutes, then remove and refresh. Cook turnips for three minutes, then remove and refresh.

7. Just before serving, melt butter in a wide skillet over medium heat. Add cooked fennel, carrots and turnips. Add scallions and stir to distribute. Season with salt and pepper. Add a splash of water and cook until scallions have softened, about two minutes. Add fava beans and heat through. Stir in lemon zest and parsley.

8. Transfer meat and sauce to a large serving dish. Spoon vegetables around meat and garnish with fennel fronds.

To make vegetable broth, simmer 1 sliced medium leek, 1 sliced small onion, 2 chopped mushrooms and 1 stalk chopped celery in 6 cups water for 30 minutes. Strain and refrigerate for up to three days.

— David Tanis, The New York Times

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