1 cup Mexican crema, crème fraîche or sour cream
Zest of 1 lime and ¼ cup fresh lime juice
1 red onion, halved root to tip and thinly sliced into half moons
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2¼ teaspoons kosher salt, more as needed
2½ teaspoons sugar
2 ounces dried pasilla (also called negro) chilies, rinsed, seeded and stemmed (6 to 8 chilies)
6 tablespoons vegetable oil
1 pound cured (cooked) chorizo, finely diced
1 white onion, diced
1 small bunch cilantro, leaves and stems separated
2 teaspoons ground cumin
3 cups cooked or canned black beans, rinsed and drained
4 cups chicken stock
8 garlic cloves, unpeeled
12 6-inch corn tortillas
12 ounces Monterey Jack cheese, grated (3 cups)
½ cup roasted pumpkin seeds (optional)
1. Make the lime crema: In a small bowl, whisk together sour cream and lime zest. Cover and refrigerate until ready to use.
2. Make the pickled onions: In a separate bowl, combine red onion, lime juice, 1 teaspoon salt and ½ teaspoon sugar. Let the onion pickle at room temperature for at least an hour.
3. Meanwhile, toast the chilies for the sauce: Heat a very large skillet (or use a Dutch oven) over medium-high heat until hot. Lay chilies flat in skillet and toast until fragrant and pliable and color darkens, 10 to 15 seconds a side; do not let them burn and turn bitter. Transfer chilies to a large bowl, cover with hot water and let stand 30 minutes. Wipe out skillet.
4. Make the bean-chorizo mixture: While chilies soak, heat 2 tablespoons oil in the skillet over medium-high heat. Add chorizo and cook until golden, about five minutes. Transfer to a paper-towel-lined plate.
5. Stir white onion into skillet and cook until softened, about seven minutes. Finely chop ¼ cup cilantro stems and add to pan, along with cumin. Cook one minute.
6. Return chorizo to pan. Stir in beans, 1 cup stock and ¾ teaspoon salt. Bring to a simmer; reduce heat to medium-low and cook gently 10 minutes. Taste and add more salt if needed.
7. Make the chili sauce: Heat broiler. Place garlic cloves (in skins) on a baking sheet. Broil, turning once, until very tender, five to 10 minutes. Peel garlic when cool enough to handle.
8. Drain chilies and place in a blender or food processor. Add peeled garlic and 2 cups stock. Purée until smooth.
9. Heat 4 tablespoons oil in a large skillet over medium-high heat. Add chili purée and simmer vigorously, stirring often, for five minutes or until sauce has thickened. Add remaining 1 cup stock, reduce heat to medium-low, and simmer gently, stirring often, until sauce reduces to 1½ cups, about 25 minutes. Stir in remaining 2 teaspoons sugar and ½ teaspoon salt and remove from heat.
10. Assemble the casserole: Heat oven to 350 degrees. Spread a quarter of the chili sauce over bottom of a 9- by 13-inch baking dish. Place a layer of 6 overlapping tortillas on top of the sauce, followed by another layer of sauce, half the bean mixture and half the cheese. Cover with another layer of 6 tortillas, a layer of sauce, remaining bean mixture and remaining cheese. Spoon remaining sauce on top. Cover pan tightly and bake 20 minutes. Uncover and continue baking until casserole is bubbly around edges and cheese is melted, 20 minutes more.
11. Let casserole rest 10 minutes, then serve topped with dollops of lime crema, some pickled onion, pumpkin seeds and cilantro leaves.
— Adapted by Melissa Clark, The New York Times, from Sally Swift’s recipe in “Pati’s Mexican Table,” by Pati Jinich.